Map Skills Unit Test Review 2018-19
What do all maps contain and why?
Certain tools to interpret the information on that specific map
Why is it important to know the tools of maps and how to use them effectively?
In order to use all maps more effectively
What is a compass rose?
Marker that indicates direction
What are the directions N, S, W, E known as?
What are the directions NW, SW, NE, SE known as?
What saying helps one remember how to draw a compass rose correctly?
Weeee and not Ewwww
Which way should North point?
Away from you, toward the top of your desk in order to orient your map correctly for use
What is a key?
a list that explains what the symbols on a map stand for
How is each key different?
Specific to each map
What is a scale bar?
Shows the relationship between map measurements and actual distance
What is the purpose of a scale bar?
Shows how far it is from one place to another
How do map scales vary?
Vary with the size of the area shown
What are small-scale maps?
Maps that show a large area but little detail
What are large-scale maps?
Maps that show a small area with a great amount of detail
What are the 2 ways that location is described in geography?
Relative and Absolute
What is the definition of relative location?
describes how a place is related to its surrounding environment
What does one have to know to find relative location?
can only be found if one is familiar with the specific characteristics of a place
Give an example of the relative location of a place using directions.
The relative location of the cafeteria is SW of the main office.
What is the definition of absolute location?
the exact place on earth where a geographic feature is found
How is absolute location described?
described using a grid of lines on the earth's surface; latitude and longitude
What is the definition of hemisphere?
division of the earth into 2 equal halves
What is the definition of equator?
divides the N&S halves of the earth
What is the definition of prime meridian?
divides the E&W halves of the earth
What are latitude lines and what do they measure?
Set of imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator; measure distances north or south of the equator
What is the rhyme that reminds you how latitude lines run?
Lat rhymes with flat - Latitude lines run horizontally or flat
What are longitude lines and what do they measure?
Set of imaginary lines that run around the earth over the poles; measure distances east or west starting at the Prime Meridian
What line does one start at to measure latitude?
What line does one start at to measure longitude?
Honors only: How are degrees broken up more precisely?
Each degree of latitude and longitude is subdivided into 60 minutes and 60 seconds for more precise readings
What is a physical map according to your notes?
Shows the location and topography of the earth's physical features
What types of features are found on a physical map according to the definition in the notes?
mountains, deserts, and bodies of water
What is the very simple definition of what can be found on a physical map?
things you can touch
What is a political map according to your notes?
Shows the boundaries between countries and smaller internal divisions such as states or counties
What types of features are found on a political map according to your notes?
Features borders of states, counties, capitals, and cities
What is a very simple definition of what can be found on a political map?
things that are there because the government says they are
What is a thematic map according to your notes?
Map that emphasizes a particular theme or subject
What types of features might be found on a thematic map according to your notes?
Climate, natural vegetation, population density, or economic activities
What caused the need for time zones?
introduction of railroads
How many times zones are there and why?
24 time zones each 1,000 miles across at the equator
Where do times zones begin and end?
begin at the Prime Meridian and end at the International Date Line
How does the International Date Line work?
gain one day when crossing to the east, lose one day when crossing to the west
What happens when you cross time zones to the east? Why?
+1 hour because the sun rises in the east
What happen when you cross time zones to the west? Why?
-1 hour because the sun sets in the west
How many time zones does the US have and what are they?
the US has 4 times zones; Eastern (farthest east), Central, Mountain, Pacific (farthest west)
What is the midnight sun and what does it refer to?
Period when the area north of the Arctic Circle experiences continuous daylight and Antarctic Circle experiences continuous continuous night
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