23 terms

Grammar

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semicolon
Used to separate independent clauses when there is no coordinating conjunction
conjunction
FANBOYS
compound sentence
a sentence with 2 complete subjects or predicates
clause
a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate
phrase
a set of words that acts as a single unit but does not have a subject and predicate.
RULE: Adjectives with one syllable, add:
'the' + '-est' (or '-st')
January is often the coldest winter month.
RULE: Adjectives with two or more syllables, add: 'the' + 'most'
This book is the most expensive book in the store.
RULE: Adjectives with two syllables that end in '-y', change '-y' to 'i' and add: 'the' + '-est' (or '-st')
John is the happiest person I know.
RULE: Adjectives that end in a single vowel and consonant: double the final letter before adding 'the' + '-est' (or '-st')
Brazil is the biggest country in South America.
Irregular Superlative Adjectives
good - the best
bad - the worst
far - the farthest
far - the furthest
Rule: Some adjectives are called absolute adjectives or incomparable adjectives because they are words that absolutely cannot be compared, no matter how hard you try.
favorite, true, false, unique, square, free, and complete, round, perfect
nouns
one of the two fundamental components of the English language, and is divided further into six special parts.
pronouns
words that take the place of a noun that must agree in three ways—number, gender, and person.
verbs
called the "movers and shakers" of written and spoken language, they are the second fundamental component of the English language, and are divided into three special parts. Verbs can be
written in a number of different tenses.
adjectives
can add color and imagery, or be mechanical and uncomplicated, just by answering four simple questions.
adverbs
add vividness to written and spoken words in different ways than adjectives do.
prepositions
help express a relationship of time or space between certain words in a sentence.
conjunction
connect words and phrases in three different ways—coordinating, correlative, and subordinating.
interjections
words that help a writer or speaker express emotion
common nouns
everyday items, ex.: bag, book
proper nouns
name very specific people, places, or things, ex.: Crossett High School
collective noun
refer to a single unit, ex.: team
compound noun
put two or more words together to create a new word, ex.: police officer