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The Directory fell in 1799 because:

it became too dependent on military support

France became a republic in:


The first state of the French Revolution was precipitated by a conflict between the:

nobles and the government

The greatest number of victims (1793-1794) were from which social group?


French peasants in the 18th century were subject to all the following except:

Execution without legal redress

His Spirit of the Laws, 1748, served as a basis for the American Constitution separation of powers?


Rousseau can be called an advocate of democracy and an apologist for dictatorship because?

his vague concept of the general will can lead to the despotism of the majority

Elected by a landslide after the failed Revolution of 1848, he founded the second French Empire

Louis Napoleon

Many historians divide the French Revolution into these three distinct stages:

The Moderate, The Radical, The Reactionary stage

Which of the following alienated the most French Catholic clergies and believers?

the civil constitution of the clergy

Parlements in France...?

exercised judicial review over royal decrees

Who is the man whose ideas and aims dominated the Congress of Vienna and the after whom the age of reaction, from the fall of Napoleon to the revolution of 1848, is named?


Which of the following is NOT considered a positive accomplishment of Napoleon?

His use of nepotism in government

On the eve of the French Revolution, France was the wealthiest, most influential, and the most populous nation in Europe. Its population was approximately


All of the following accurately describe the reign of Louis XIV, EXCEPT...?

He filled his government with bourgeois advisors

. The Social Contract (book) published in 1762 was written by...?


To defeat Britain in war Napoleon I had to?

gain naval superiority over the English channel

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen guaranteed...?

security of property

Louis XVI's queen, Marie Antoinette...?

was an Austrian who became a focal point for popular disgust with the royal family

The French Revolution achieved most in the area of...?


Which of the following best describes the state of the peasants in the summer of 1789?

The peasants revolted against local aristocratic authority

Napoleon's most enduring achievement was...?

the Napoleonic codification of laws

The passage of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy in 1790 had all of the following negative effects on the Revolution except

French Catholics were forced to convert to Protestantism

In pre-revolutionary France, the magistrates represented the


By the 1780s, what percentage of the French national expenditures went to servicing the accumulated national debt?


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