18 terms

Thesis for Great Awakening and Enlightenment on Early Colonies

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Puritans
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
City on a Hill (John Winthrop)
believed Puritans had a covenant with God to lead new religious experiment in the New World; his strong leadership helped the colony to succeed (American Exceptionalism)
Pilgrims
Group of English Protestant dissenters who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts in 1620 to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
Separatists
English Protestants who would not accept allegiance in any form to the Church of England. Included the Pilgrims and Quakers
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Colony founded in 1630 by John Winthrop, part of the Great Puritan Migration, founded by puritans. Had a theocratic republic. "City upon a hill"
Mayflower Compact (1620)
The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
John Winthrop
Puritan governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Speaker of "City upon a hill"
Jon Edwards
Proclaimed good works didn't differentiate people from salvation ("Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God). They needed a specific emotional, renewal experience.
Great Awakening
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
Enlightenment
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly
Gilbert Tennet
Another of the preachers of the Great Awakening, in the middle colonies.
John Locke
English philosopher who argued that people have natural rights (2nd Treatise on Government)
Natural Rights (Locke)
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Social Contract (Rosseau)
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
Old Lights
Orthodox clergymen who rejected the emotionalism of the Great Awakening in favor of a more rational spirituality.
New Lights
Ministers who took part in the revivalist, emotive religious tradition pioneered by George Whitefield during the Great Awakening.
Montesquieu
wrote 'Spirit of the Laws', said that no single set of political laws was applicable to all - depended on relationship and variables, supported division of government (power controlling power)
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a Puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress
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