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Anatomical Test #1
Terms in this set (80)
furthest from the midline
- relating to the middle or center
- beneath or below surface
Definition of superficial
-near the surface
in front and towards the midline
in front and to the outside
behind and below
behind and at the upper part
above and to the outside
above and toward the midline/ inside
relating to the opposite side
on the same side
body lying facedown
lying on back
-nearest to the trunk or point of origin
- further away from the point of origin or midline
- relating to the right and left sides
referring to the left
relating to the back
relating to the belly
Tendons connect ________ to ______.?
muscles to bone
Ligaments connect ______ to ______?
bone to bone
Aponeurosis binds _____ together?
muscle to bone in tendons
The insertion is also called ____ attachment of muscles?
the distal attachment
The origin is also called______ attachment of muscle?
the proximal attachment
The origin is typical the _____ movable part?
least movable part
The insertion is typical the ____ movable part?
most movable part
What is an agonist muscle?
- muscle that causes joint motion ( prime movers/ muscle most involved)
What is an antagonist muscle?
A muscle that relaxes during joint movement
Allows the movement to happen
What is a uniarticular muscle?
- cross on only the joint they cross
What is a biarticular muscle?
-cross and act on 2 different joints
What is a multiarticular muscle?
- cross and act on 3 or more different joints
Which diarthrodial joint is most movable?
- the ball and socket
What joint type is the knee?
Where is the seller joint?
in the thumb
What joint type is the elbow?
What tool do we use to measure ROM?
Definition and example: Flexion
- bending movement that decreases the angle of a joint
EX: elbow joint when hand is drawn to shoulder
Definition and example: Extension
- straightening movement that results in an increase in joint angle
EX: elbow joint when hand moves away from shoulder
Definition and example: Abduction
- lateral movement away from midline or trunk
EX: raising arms to side laterally
Definition and example: Adduction
- movement medially towards the midline of trunk
EX: lowering arm to side
Definition and example: Internal rotation
- rotary movement around longitudinal axis of bone towards midline of body
Definition and example: External rotation
- rotary movement around longitudual axis of bone away from midline of body
Definition and example: Planter flexion
- extension movement of ankle that results in foot moving away from body
EX: pointing toe
Definition and example: Dorsiflexion
- flexion movement of angle that results in top foot moving towards anterior tibia bone
EX: heel walks
Definition and example: pronation
- internally rotating radius where it lies diagonally across ulna
EX: placing palms down
Definition and example: supination
- externally rotating radius where it lies parallel to ulna
EX: palm up
Definition and example: lumbar flexion
Definition and example: reduction
Where is the best center of gravity?
- with the most points of contact
Endochondral bones develop from _____?
What is the outer surface of the diaphysis called?
What is the wall of the diaphysis called?
What is inside the cortex of the diaphysis?
What is inside the walls of the diaphysis?
What is the center of the diaphysis called?
What is a tubercle?
- smaller bump
What is a trochanter?
- very large bump
What is a tuberosity?
- large bump
What is a fossa?
- a sooth, hollow surface
What are the 3 types of pennate fibers and describe them?
Unipennate: run obliquely from a tendon on one side
Bipennate: run obliquely on both sides of a tendon
Multipennate: have several fibers running diagonally in between them
Definition and example: isometric
Definition and example: concentric
- muscle has enough tension to overcome a resistance as it shortens
EX: lifting phase of bicep curl
Definition and example: eccentric
- muscle lengthens under tension
EX: lowering barbell in bicep curl
What is the stretch reflex?
How do we use the stretch reflex to get a response from the body?
What is the protector muscle called?
Golgi tendon organ
A positive contraction is also known as ___?
A negative contraction is also known as ___?
Contraction with no velocity is ____?
Define levers: 1st class
Axis between force and resistance
Define levers: 2nd class
resistance between axis and force
Define levers: 3rd class
force between axis and resistance
What lever gives us the most mechanical advantage?
Which lever gives us the most mechanical disadvantage?
Which lever is the most common in the body?
What are the 5 functions of the skeleton?
- structural support
- muscular attachment
Divides the body into front and back portions.
divides body into left and right
line that divides the body into upper and lower sections
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