Terms in this set (28)
freedom, human rights, reason, progress, toleration and the norms of constitutionalism and democracy
central principles of liberalism
democratisation, economic interdependence and institutionalisation.
three results of liberalism in action
John Locke's, Two treatises of government (1988)
first great liberal text
American Declaration of Independence (1776) and French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)
liberal rights and freedoms are proclaimed in what two manifestos?
key thinker in economic liberalism
Adam Smith's; An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations (1975)
key text of economic liberalism
division of labour, free trade and the beneficent 'hidden hand' of the market,
key themes of economic liberalism (seen in Adam Smith's text)
was is irrational violence and result of unrestrained power, vanity and ambition of monarchs
libeal view of war
Immanuel Kant (Perpetual Peace is the title of his essay)
the term 'Perpetual Peace' (referring to peaceful commerce) is associated with what liberal key thinker?
'tyranny of the majority' or 'mob rule'
for liberals, the french revolution confirmed what fear?
utilitarianism was popularised by who?
'the greatest happiness of the greatest number'
making light of serious problems, assuming there are simple solutions and assuming that 'all good things go together'
criticism of liberalism
'laissez faire' market
free market also termed as
positive role for state, such as monitoring public health and education sector to stop abuse of economic power
Social Liberal views
freedom from state coercion or control by the state
Classical Liberal views
Freedom for all members of society to develop thier individual capacities
Freedom from control by the state
' The only freedom which deserves the name is that of pursuing our own good in our own way, so long as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs or impede their efforts to obtain it' (72).
Famous quote by John Stuart Mill in 'On Liberty' (1983)
comprising market economies, the rule of law and democratic representation
According to liberals, stable liberal democratic sovereign states are made up of
Case study example of liberal democracies fighting 'non liberal' and 'non-democratic' states
the governments of the major powers being a democracy
liberal critique realists on the 'balance of power; theory as they believe that global peace relies on
they assume that commerce enhances prosperity and welfare
why do liberals believe that commerce creates peace?
deregulation, privitisation and the free movement of capital
key policy implementations in 'neoliberal doctrine'
liberalism developed in opposition to what?
it underestimates the strength of ethnicity, nationalism and religion in both internal and external politics.
one critique on liberalism is that
the Chinese and Islamic
Two countries/ Cultures that are likely to remain resistent to the liberal model are
James L. Richardson
The Chapter on liberalism as written in core textbook for Intp 113 is written by
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