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Junior Cert Biology
Terms in this set (57)
An inherited variation that helps a plant or animal survive.
Antagonistic pair of muscles
Muscles that work in pairs (e.g. biceps and triceps)
A chemical made by bacteria and fungi that kills or prevents the reproduction of other bacteria.
Reproduction involving only one parent.
This contains the right amounts of each of the different food types (i.e. carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water).
An animal that eats other animals.
The use of living things to produce useful products (e.g. food, drugs)
Protection of natural resources.
An animal that gets its food by eating plants or other animals.
the use of devices or drugs to prevent conception
An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
Breaking down food
Movement of seeds away from the parent plant (may be involve wind, water, animals or self-dispersal)
Study of organisms in their environment
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in a living thing
Getting rid of metabolic waste.
The fusion of a male and a female gamete to form a zygote
A chart that shows what eats what
A chart showing connected food chains
A sex cell
Study of heredity
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Defend against infection
A plant's response to gravity
A seed begins to grow roots and shoots
Place where an organism lives
Pumps blood throughout the body
An animal that eats only plants
After 5 days the fertilised egg (blastocyst) attaches to lining of the uterus.
Organisms depend on each other for survival
An animal without a backbone
Connect bone to bone
carry messages to the brain & spinal cord from a receptor
Carry messages away from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and organs
An animal that eats both plants and animals
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body (e.g. the heart)
An egg is released from the ovaries into the fallopian tube
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen:
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A plant's response to light
A structure that allows oxygen and nutrients to pass into the fetus from the mother's bloodstream and bodily wastes to pass out to the mother.
Liquid part of blood that transports heat, glucose and other blood parts.
The transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma
Release of harmful materials into the environment
Condition in a female of having a developing embryo/fetus in her uterus
An organism that makes its own food
Release of energy in cells
Respiration that requires oxygen.
602 + C6H1202 => 6H2O + 6CO2 + ENERGY
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Reproduction involving the union or fusion of a male and a female gamete.
Connect muscle to bone
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Process by which water that is absorbed by plants (usually through the roots) is evaporated into the atmosphere (usually through the leaves)
A plant's response to a stimulus
An animal with a backbone
Plant tissue that transports water and minerals
Plant tissue that transports food throughout plant
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