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Terms in this set (57)
functions of blood
red blood cells
white blood cells
percent of blood volume that is RBCs
color of blood with high oxygen level
color of blood with low oxygen level
red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
formed elements of blood
white blood cells
which of the formed elements of blood is a complete cell?
respiratory gas transport
function of red blood cells
oxyhemoglobin is located in
deoxyhemoglobin is located in
ruby red color
dark red color
blood cell formation
red bone marrow
location of hematopoiesis
hematopoetic stem cells
Stem cells that give rise to all formed elements
production of red blood cells
hormone that stimulates formation of RBCs
too few of red blood cells can lead to
Blood has abnormally low O2-carrying capacity that is too low to support normal metabolism
anemia with rapid blood loss
Chronic hemorrhagic anemia
anemia with slight but persistent blood loss
Autoimmune disease that destroys stomach mucosa that produces intrinsic factor
anemia in which the kidneys cannot produce enough EPO
anemia caused by the destruction or inhibition of red bone marrow
anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
anemia in which RBCs are thin, delicate, and deficient in hemoglobin
sickle cell anemia
anemia in which RBCs become crescent shaped when O2 levels are low
Abnormal excess of RBCs; increases blood viscosity, causing sluggish blood flow
athletes remove, store, and reinfuse RBCs before an event to increase O2 levels for stamina
fast series of reactions for stoppage of bleeding
clot that develops and persists in unbroken blood vessel
thrombus freely floating in bloodstream
embolus obstructing a vessel Example: pulmonary or cerebral emboli
a condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets circulating in the blood
A bleeding disorder with prolonged bleeding, especially into joint cavities
anything perceived as foreign that can generate an immune response
ph level, body temperature, fluid volume
what is regulated by blood?
Which body activity would be most affected if a patient lacked an adequate number of erythrocytes (anemia)?
Which makes up the greatest portion of whole blood by volume?
pH of blood
Plasma contains dissolved fibrous proteins
Why is blood considered a connective tissue?
True or False: Erythrocytes can bend and twist to fit through vessels.
What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that transports respiratory gases and provides the red color?
reduced availability of oxygen
What triggers erythropoietin (EPO) release that leads to the production of new red blood cells?
What part of the body does erythropoietin (EPO) target to increase erythropoiesis?
Which organ is responsible for removing bilirubin from the blood stream?
anemia that results from a vitamin B12 deficiency
decreased production of EPO by their kidneys
Athletes can use industry-produced EPO as a performance-enhancing drug to increase the effects of their naturally-produced EPO. These athletes will experience ______.
A person exhibiting suppression of immunity and clotting disorder as well as low oxygen-carrying capacity is likely suffering from which of the following?
high hematocrit, high blood pressure, high blood viscosity,
All of the following can be expected with polycythemia
A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and causing an appearance of large pale cells called macrocytes, is characteristic of
preformed antibodies in the recipient's blood will bind and clump (agglutinate) the donated cells
A mismatch of blood types during a transfusion is dangerous because
True or False: Newborns lack any agglutinins (antibodies) for the first few months after birth.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 17 (Blood)
Blood Test Review
Heart and Blood Practice Quiz
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