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World History 2 SOL Review: Imperialism
Terms in this set (23)
The seizure or takeover of a country or territory by a stronger country.
White Man's Burden
Racist ideology that white men had the burden to colonize the "savage" native people of Africa and Asia.
The european country is like a father figure that cares for its colony.
local population adopts the culture, language and dress of the colonizers.
Jewel in the Crown
Rebellion in India against British rule, after the rebellion Britain takes direct control of India.
The Boxer Rebellion
Rebellion against foreign influence in China.
US naval captain opened trade between Japan and the US and ended Japanese isolationism.
The Opium War
War between Britain and China over British trade of opium in China.
The British East India Company
Trading company that controlled all affairs in India, had direct control.
Indian National Congress
An effect of the Sepoy Rebellion wanted self-rule and western reforms.
African countries that remained independent?
Ethiopia and Liberia
Japan and China's trade practice that strictly limited foreign influence during the Age of Exploration.
New technologies that increased Imperialism?
Steam Ship and Steam Engine (part of industrial revolution).
Reasons for European Imperialism
Need for raw materials (natural resources) for the industrial revolution, nationalism, mercantilism, and racism.
An area that governs itself, but is under outside control.
Fought between the Boers and the British. Many Africans fought with the Boers. The British won in 1910, & established the Union of South Africa (British rule).
Dutch settlers that had controlled South Africa since the mid 1600s; also known as Afrikaners.
Berlin Conference (1884)
European leaders divided Africa between European powers into colonies. No African ruler was invited; by 1914, only 2 independent nations remained (Liberia, Ethiopia).
Interest in or taking land for its strategic location or products. It played an important role in the fate of the Ottoman Empire (Europeans claimed Muslim lands).
Russia vs the Ottoman Empire. Russia sought Ottoman land & access to a warm-water port & access to Black Sea. Britain & France came to aid of the Ottomans. Russia lost, but was still able to take the land. Organized nursing- led by Florence Nightingale.
Canal built in Egypt to connect the Mediterranean to the Red Sea- created a faster route to Indian Ocean and India. Started by the French, completed by the British.
Sphere of Influence
An area in China that was controlled by foreign trade. An outside power controlled investments and trading.
What forces drove the revolution in the 1700s, 1800s, and 1900s?
Which country played a much more minor (and less successful) role in the second wave of European conquests in the late 1800s than its massive role in the first wave during the 1500s?
time period in which Mutsohito ruled Japan and modernized his nation.
Why did Imperialism spread so fast?
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