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originating in a gland


the anterior pituitary gland

adrenal: glands, cortex (bark), medulla (marrow, innermost part)

two glands, one located at the top of each kidney; cortex is the outer portion, medulla is the inner portion


synonym for epinephrine, secreted from the adrenal medulla


pituitary secretion that stimulates the adrenal glands

androgen (andro- masculine)

male hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex


one of the corticosteroids, hormones produced by the adrenal glands

antidiuretic hormone

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland to prevent the kidneys from expelling too much water

calcitonin (ton- to stretch)

hormone secreted by the thyroid to prevent too much calcium from absorbing into the bones


steroid produced by the cortices of the adrenal glands, cortisol

endocrine (krino- to separate)

adj. describing a gland that delivers its secretions directly into the blood stream

epinephrine (nephr/o- kidney)

synonym for adrenaline, secreted from the adrenal medulla


one of two hormones secreted by the ovaries


adj. describing a gland that delivers its secretion through a duct onto the skin or other epithelial surface

glucagon (ago-to lead)

hormone secreted by the pancreas

gonadotropin (FSH) (gone- seed)

follicle-stimulating hormone; hormone promoting gonadal growth

gonadotropin (ICSH)

interstitial cell-stimulating hormone; hormone promoting gonadal growth in the male

gonadotropin (LH)

luteinizing hormone; stimulates ovulation


chemical messenger that is secreted by an endocrine gland directly into the bloodstream


an adrenal gland hormone secretion


synonym for pituitary gland


one of two hormones produced in the pancreas

islets of Langerhans

clusters of specialized cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin

melanocyte-stimulating hormone

hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary gland


hormone secreted by the pineal gland


synonym for norepinephrine; secreted from the adrenal medulla

norepinephrine (nephros- kidney)

synonym for noradrenaline; secreted from the adrenal medulla


female gonads; two oval-shaped glands that are located in the pelvic cavity

oxytocin (oxytokos- swift birth)

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland

pancreas (sweetbread)

feather-shaped organ that lies posterior to the stomach

parathyroid gland

secretes parathyroid hormone (PTH)

parathyroid hormone

a hormone secreted by the parathyroid gland

pineal gland

gland that secretes melatonin, an antioxidant that is otherwise not well understood

pituitary gland

synonym for hypophysis; master gland

progesterone (gestare- to carry about)

one of two female hormones secreted by the ovary


a secretion of the anterior pituitary gland

suprarenal glands

another name for the adrenal glands


male gonads; two oval organs that lie in the scrotum


male hormone secreted by the testes

thyroid gland

one of the four glands belonging solely to the endocrine system; located in the throat area


thyroid-stimulating hormone


a secretion of the thyroid gland (t4)


another secretion of the thyroid gland that is often synthesized from the thyroxine by bodily organs (t3)

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