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Social Work Exam #1
Terms in this set (66)
What are the basic premises of social work>?
Dignity and worth of every person. Problems are usually linked and may have communication connection. Problems can be addressed and people's lives enriched.
What are the basic functions and services?
Restore, prevent, and resources
The basic themes of the profession are....
commitment to social betterment, enhancing social functioning, appreciation for diversity, action, and versatility
study society and social interactions, no interventions (academic in nature), Phd required for most positions
medical school (MD) and medications and hospitalization
focus mainly on cognitive processes, testing, and PhD to practice independently
Phd to practice counseling independently, pastoral (focus on theological issues), guidance (educational background and focus, also some employment focus), marriage and family therapist (focus on marriage and family issues)
Medical training and Medical procedures
law school (JD), protected counsel, and legal advice
Social work is also different from other helping professionals in the way of.....
certain issues focused upon and addressed (the "isms")
What are basic civil rights and liberties?
-guaranteed legal rights
-protection from discrimination and oppression
-fair and just dealings between government and people
What is discrimination? How does it differ from prejudice?
Discrimination is an action and prejudice is a though process
What is social justice and social injustice?
justice= all people treated fairly and equally
injustice= unfair treatment and unequal access (disenfranchized)
Social workers ensure civil rights and liberties by.....
protection form discrimination, political advocacy, personal advocacy, and improving services
What is sexism and why is it relevant?
Belief that one sex is superior and impacts education, income, and opportunities
What is racism and why is it relevant?
belief that one race is superior. impacts education, income, and opportunities. Civil Rights Acts of 1964
What is elitism and why is it relevant?
belief that one social class is superior to another (classism)
What is ageism?
Discrimination based on age
What is able bodiedism?
Belief that able bodied individuals are superior. Americans with Disabilites Act of 1990
The basic principles included in the code.
Service, social justice, dignity and worth of a person, importance of human relationships, integrity, and competence
The ethical standards toward clients include...
informed consent, sexual relationships, privacy and confidentiality, derogatory language, self determination, termination of services, and conflicts of interest
What does welfare mean?
well-being, someone's prosperity
What is charity?
love, kindness, and alms-giving
King Henry VIII (1536) Act for Punishment of Sturdy Punishment
Outlawed public begging, made churches responsible for local poor, focus on ability to work (labeling)
Queen Elizabeth I (1572) Parish Poor Rate
Established a national tax to help care for the poor
Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
Created three groups of needy: dependent children, "worthy poor" also called "unstury" or "unable-bodied" deserving, "unworthy poor" also called "sturdy: or "able-bodied" non-deserving
Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
Created government responsibilites: responsible for the needy, authority to force work, and forced family responsibility, local level responsibility, and residency requirements
Work houses vs Almshouse
Work house: for "unworthy" poor, pool of labor
Almshouse: for "worthy" the poor
Outdoor and indoor relief 1772
Outdoor: services outside an institution for worthy people
Indoor: services within an institution for the unworthy people
Speenhamland Act 1795
-established the first minimum wage
-government had subsidies for businesses
Assumptions carried over from European roots to Colonial America:
local government responsibility
financing through taxation
classification of those in need
different types of relief and assistance
Charity Organization Society (COS)
founded in 1877. Their focus was on the individual and reflected the belief that poverty was a character flaw. Trained "friendly visitors"
Mary Richmond 1917
A founding mother of social work, wrote social diagnosis, other founding mothers of social work include Dorthea Dix and Jane Addams
Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
Assistance to victims in need
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Provided job opportunities during the depression
Civilian conservation corpse (ccc)
Employed people to complete projects across the US, many of them and national and state parks
Social Security Act of 1935
Insurance: based on work contributions
Assistance: based on classification
Funding to other services
Food stamps program 1964
Program to address hunger and malnutrition among low income families, vouchers to purchase designated foods, redeemed in 2008(SNAP- supplemental nutrition assistance program
Early childhood education, health and nutrition for locum children, focus on parent child involvement
Family Support Act of 1988
Job training and support for individuals receiving AFDC, provided money for childcare, transportation to work expenses , requirements for work hours receive benefits
Personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act, replaced AFDC, complete overhaul of welfare program
TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families)
We can the welfare program of the US, strict time limit and requirement for assistance
Job opportunities of basic skills training, courses to ready recipients for participation in the workforce and transitioning to independence
Affordable Care Act of 2010
Expand access to insurance coverage, expand access to metal health services and preventive services, no limitation for pre-existing conditions
the people and objects in an individual's immediate environment
in the ecological perspective on human development, the layer of the environment formed by two or more immediate settings, as in the home-school linkage
in the ecological perspective on human development, the outermost layer of the environment, containing forces such as history and culture
Generalist model perspectives
Strengths perspective, empowerment,, person in environment perspective, social and economic justice, evidence-based practice
Collaboration, management and planning, critical thinking in the application of theory, analyzing evidence, and advocacy (engagement and empowerment)
Focuses on people's ability to make decisions
Focus on people's ability to use resources and it come to me basic material needs
theory based on idea that human development is inseparable from the environmental contexts in which a person develops
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
how people communicate and interact with others in their environment
natural power of active involvement between people and their environment
Something put into a system, such as resources, in order to achieve a result.
a form of energy coming into a persons life and adding to that life
The exact point at which the interaction between an individual and the environment takes place
a thermodynamic quantity representing the unavailability of a system's thermal energy for conversion into mechanical work, often interpreted as the degree of disorder or randomness in
exchange of energy and resources between systems that promote growth and transformation
a basic principle of developmental psychopathology that holds that one symptom can have many causes
a theory stating that an organization is a managed system that changes inputs into outputs
A tendency to maintain a balanced
secondary or subordinate system
Tireless reformer, who worked mightily to improve the treatment of the mentally ill. Appointed superintendant of women nurses for the Union forces.
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
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