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36 terms

Endocrine System- Study Table (Common Disorders, P&P, Diagnosis & Treatments)

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endocrinologist
medical specialist in the endocrinology
endocrinology
medical specialty of the endocrine system
adenectomy
excision of a gland
adenotomy
incision of a gland
adrenalectomy
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
hypoglycemic
drug used to lower blood sugar
hypophysectomy
surgical removal of the pituitary gland
parathyroidectomy
surgical excision of the parathyroid gland
thyroidectomy
excision of the thyroid gland
thyroparathyroidectomy
excision of the thyroid and parathyroid glands
thyrotomy
surgery performed on the thyroid gland
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities (mostly hand and feet) caused by excessive secretion of the growth hormone after puberty
Addison disease
a disorder characterized by a failure of the adrenal glands to produce hydrocortisone and, in some cases, aldosterone
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenohypophysitis
inflammation of the hypophysis
adrenalitis
inflammation of an adrenal gland
adrenalopathy
any disease of the adrenal glands
adrenomegaly
enlargement of the adrenal glands
Cushing syndrome
a hormonal disorder caused by too much hydrocortisone
diabetes insipidus
condition brought about by the posterior pituitary's failure to produce enough ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
diabetes mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2
condition brought about by insufficient production of insulin in the pancreas (type 1) or the failure of the body's cells to absorb glucose (type 2)
gigantism
abnormal overgrowth of the body due to excessive secretion of the growth hormone before puberty
glycosuria
sugar in the urine
goiter
chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland
Graves disease
a common form of hyperthyroidism resulting from overproduction of thyroxine; caused by a false immune system response
Hashimoto thyroiditis
an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland causing hypothyroidism
hyperglycemia
excessive sugar in the blood
hyperpituitarism
excessive hormone secretion by the pituitary gland
hyperthyroidism
condition caused by an overactive thyroid; usually caused by an immune system disorder known as Grave's disease
hypophysitis
inflammation of the pituitary gland
hypopituitarism
condition of diminished hormone secretion from the anterior pituitary gland
hypothyroidism
a decrease in thyroid function
pituitarism
any pituitary dysfunction
thyroaplasia
congenital condition characterized by low thyroid output
thyroiditis
inflammation of the thyroid gland
thyromegaly
enlargement of the thyroid gland