17 terms

Chapter 9 Introduction to Outdoor Emergency Care - Vocabulary

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Adjunct
a medical device that is used to assist the OEC technician in providing patient care.
Airway
a natural passageway that allows air to enter and exit the lungs.
Bag-valve mask
a manually operated resuscitator consisting of three components a bag reservoir a one way flow valve and a face mask used to assist patient ventilation.
Epiglottis
a thin leaf shaped structure posterior to the tongue covers the larynx when swallowing and prevents food from entering the airway.g
Exhalation
the act of expelling breath or air out of the lungs
Gastric distention
inflation of the stomach with air can lead to vomiting.
Head tilt
chin lift maneuver, a method to open a patient's airway a process that involves tilting the patient's head backwards while simultaneously lifting the patient's chin.
Inhalation
act of drawing breath or air into the lungs
Jaw thrust maneuver
a method used to open a patient's airway by displacing the jaw forward commonly used whenever spine injury is suspected because it helps to maintain cervical spine alignment
Nasal cannula (NC)
an airway adjunct that consists of plastic tubing with 2 plastic prongs that are inserted into the patient's nostrils provides low flow oxygen with connected to an oxygen source.
Nasopharyngeal airway (NPA)
a trumpet shaped airway adjunct that is made from soft rubber or silicone that is inserted into the nostril to maintain the patient airway.
Nonbreather mask(NRB)
an oxygen delivery device that has a mask a one way flow valve and a reservoir bag when connected to an oxygen tank provides high concentration of supplemental oxygen.
Oropharyngeal airway (OPA)
a rigid plastic airway adjunct that is inserted into the oropharynx to maintain a patient airway.
Pharynx
the passageway that extends from the nose and mouth to the larynx. Consists of three parts: nasopharynx oropharynx and laryngopharynx.
Pocket mask
a barrier device a folding mask with an oxygen inlet valve that is used for artificial ventilation may be used with or without supplemental oxygen.
Pulse oximeter
a device that attaches to a patient's finger toe or earlobe and photo electrically measures blood oxygen content as a percentage of oxygen saturation.
Suctioning
a procedure that uses negative pressure to remove an object or a fluid.
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