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Senderos 1 . Lección 1 Estructura 1.1 p12-14 Nouns and articles
If you would like more practice, go to: http://www.studyspanish.com/tutorial.htm and search for nouns, then search for articles.
Terms in this set (65)
A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas. Unlike English, all Spanish nouns, even those that refer to non-living things, have _____; that is, they are considered either _________ or ________. As in English, nouns also have number, meaning that they are either singular or plural.
gender, masculine, feminine
Translate: the man
Translate: the boy
Translate: the passenger (m)
Translate: the driver (m)
Translate: the teacher (m)
Translate: the tourist (m)
Translate: the woman
Translate: the girl
Translate: the passenger (f)
Translate: the driver (f)
Translate: the teacher (f)
Translate: the tourist (f)
Generally, nouns that refer to _____, like el hombre, are masculine, while nouns that refer to _______, like la mujer, are feminine.
Many nouns that refer to male beings end in -_ or -__. Their corresponding feminine forms end in -_ and -___ respectively
o, or, a, ora
The masculine and feminine forms of nouns that end in -ista, like turista, are the same, so gender is indicated by the article __ (masculine) or __ (feminine). Some other nouns have identical masculine and feminine forms.
Translate: the youth; the young man
Translate: the youth; the young woman
Translate: the student (m)
Translate: the student (f)
Translate: the notebook
Translate: the diary
Translate: the dictionary
Translate: the number
Translate: the video
Translate: the problem
Translate: the program
Translate: the bus
Translate: the country
Translate: the thing
Translate: the school
Translate: the computer
Translate: the suitcase
Translate: the word
Translate: the lesson
Translate: the conversation
Translate: the nationality
Translate: the community
As has been shown, certain noun endings are strongly associated with a specific ______, so you can use them to determine if a noun is masculine or feminine.
Because the gender of nouns that refer to non-living things ______ be determined by foolproof rules, you should memorize the gender of each noun you learn. It is helpful to memorize each noun with its corresponding _______, __ for masculine, and __ for feminine.
cannot, article, el, la
Another reason to memorize the gender of every noun is that there are common exceptions to the rules of gender. For example, __ mapa (map) and __ día (day) end in -a, but are _________. __ mano (hand) ends in -o, but is ________.
el, el, masculine, La, feminine
To form the plural, add-_ to nouns that end in a vowel. Nouns that end in a consonant, add -__. Nouns that end in -z change the z to a _, then add -__.
s, es, c, es
Form the plural: el chico
Form the plural: el diario
Form the plural: el problema
Form the plural: la nacionalidad
Form the plural: el país
Form the plural: el lápiz
In general, when a singular noun has an accent mark on the ____ syllable, the accent is dropped from the plural form.
Form the plural: la lección
Form the plural: el autobús
Use the _________ plural form to refer to a group that includes both males and females.
Form the plural: 1 pasajero + 2 pasajeras =
Form the plural: 2 chicos + 2 chicas =
As you know, English often uses definite articles (___) and indefinite articles (_, __) before nouns. Spanish also has definite and indefinite articles. Unlike English, Spanish articles vary in form because they agree in ______ and ______ with the nouns they modify.
the, a, an, gender, number
Spanish has ____ forms that are equivalent to the English definite article the.
Identify the article: __ diccionario (the dictionary)
Identify the article: ___ diccionarios (the dictionaries)
Identify the article: __ computadora (the computer)
Identify the article: ___ computadoras (the computers)
Spanish has ____ forms that are equivalent to the English indefinite article, which according to context may mean a, an, or some. Use indefinite articles to refer to ____________ persons or things.
Identify the indefinite article: __ pasajero (a (one) passenger))
Identify the indefinite article: ____ pasajeros (some passengers)
Identify the indefinite article: ___ fotografía (a [one] photograph)
Identify the indefinite article: ____ fotografías (some photographs)
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