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CJE1300 Police Organization & Administration, Ch 11
CJE1300 - Chapter 11: Policing and the Law Resource: Policing Today by Frank Schmalleger, 2010
Which of the following factors are considered before a search or seizure is executed?
Reasonableness of the search or seizure
When are Fourth Amendment protections triggered?
During a search or seizure conducted by any government official
What landmark case helped determine the definition of a search to "protect people, not places"?
Katz v. United States
Which of the following is a primary level of justification considered by the courts?
Both A and B are correct;
a) Reasonable suspicion
b) Administrative justification
A practical definition of probable cause is that it consists of ________ percent certainty.
What Supreme Court case helped determine the standard of reasonable suspicion?
Terry v. Ohio
What is one example of an acceptable use of a checkpoint?
Police checking drivers for sobriety at predetermined locations
When do police need an arrest warrant?
If the arrest is made in a private place
What is required for a "John Doe" arrest warrant?
A sufficient description of the arrestee
Which of the following type of search could also be executed without a warrant?
Only A and B are correct;
a) Search incident to arrest
b) Automobile search
Which Supreme Court case eventually led to the creation of the arm-span rule?
Chimel v. California
What two factors must be in place for a warrantless automobile search?
It must be impractical to obtain a warrant, and there must be probable cause that the vehicle contains evidence
What are some reasons that someone might feel they must stay with police, even if they are not under arrest?
All of the above;
-Threatening presence of several officers
-Physical touching of the citizen
-A certain tone or use of language by an officer
What Supreme Court case ruled on the authorization of seizure of items found in plain view?
Coolidge v. New Hampshire
When are consent searches permissible?
None of the above
Which of the following are factors used to determine the difference between a stop and a consensual encounter between citizens and police?
All of the above;
-Number of officers present
-Length of time involved
-Coercive police behavior
What is the standard used to assess the involuntariness of a suspect's confession?
Totality of the circumstances
What is deliberate elicitation?
An effort by a government actor to draw incriminating statements from a suspect who is not represented by counsel
What was 18 U.S.C. Section 3501?
The U.S. Code designation assigned to the Crime Control Act of 1968, which attempted to invalidate the Miranda v. Arizona decision
Which case determined that Miranda warnings do not need to be given if taking the time to do so would endanger public safety?
New York v. Quarles