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History ||| class notes, 4 guided readings, and crossword test Monday
Terms in this set (80)
What are the three types of colonies
Describe royal colonies
-the king of England was in charge of this colony
-the king appoints a governor
What's an example of a royal colony
What is the job of a governor?
To report to the king (which takes a very long time, a month or more) because everything is by letter and horse)
Describe proprietary colonies
-They are owned by a person
-These owners see the colony as a business to make money so they offered a free ride over to this colony, cheap land, and supplies (which was often not true and the brochures were misleading)
How was Pennsylvania a proprietary colony
William penn and a group called quakers owned Pennsylvania. The people who lived in the colony who were not quakers had to take over the colony
How was Georgia a proprietary colony
James Oglethorpe owned Georgia. He tried to run the colony from England but make poor business choices (he bought he silk worms that died and didn't take to his saplings)
Describe a charter colony
A colony that is run by a group of people with a unifying purpose, which is religion (pilgrims and puritans). The king leaves these colonies alone for a while so they run and practice a self government.
the American Revolution starts here
What area practices and has a charter colony?
The New England area- Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut
What is the basic unit of a colonial society? Why was this?
A family so the children can work
What are the 4 society classes in America?
Who was in upper class
Plantation owners, governors
Who was in middle class?
Merchants, traders, blacksmiths
Who was in lower class?
Indentured servants living on the frontier
Is the land closer to the city more or less expensive?
Could you move up in
No, not even by marriage
Could you move up in colonies society rank?
Where did most people live in America?
On farms or in villages
Where did the French live around
The Great Lakes
What were the two largest cities and combined hoe many people were in them?
25,000 people in Philadelphia and Boston
In colonial society, was there a lot of factories?
No it was very pre- industrial
why did most people come to America?
why did most people come to America?
-LAND-plenty available and it was cheap
-jobs even if it was to be an indentured servant
-farming becomes profitable
What was the enclosure movement?
the king would take land away from people to farm for profit
What two countries were political and military rivals
English and French (they had been at for for centuries, although there were periods of peace in between)
In North America the ________________ found themselves in conflict with the _______________ who has settled in present day Canada
Because the French found no gold, the _______ ___________ was a huge economic industry for them. Who did they use good relations with that helped make a fortune for them?
Fur trade; the Indians helped them
Where did the French claim territory?
Around the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River
Where did the English colonists claim territory?
They claimed tribal lands for their own, while making some allies with Indians but were mostly at war with other various tribes
When England and France officially went to war in 1763, it spread to North America. ___________ encouraged the Indians to attack
The colonist demanded help of ______________
How did the French& Indian war go?
Not well for the colonists at first because the French and Indians used non traditional styles of fighting (remember class example and video). Then eventually the colonists and English won because the French wanted to concentrate all their efforts elsewhere in the world
What were a few important outcomes of the French/ Indian war?
-the French lose Canada and the Ohio river valley to the English
-the English gain territory in North America
-the French were no longer a threat to colonist
England goes in debt
trying to pay for war, they think the colonists should pay for it, which means higher taxes
-the English lost respect for colonist as fighters but the colonist was themselves as just as good as the English.
The war gave them combat experience
Guided reading/ study guide from here down
The English & French were both interested in this and England got it after they won the war
Ohio river valley
This tribe controlled western New York
This conference was a meeting between Americans and Iroquois & proposed that the colonies unite to form a federal government
The defeat of British troops need fort Duquesne inspired who to attack British settlers in western Pennsylvania?
The English conquered this city in new French
Who is the chief of the ottawa people who decided to go to war against the British
Which act Changed the tax rates for imported raw sugar and molasses
The American revenue act, or the sugar act
James otis argued that the colonists could not be taxed to pay for what and why?
British programs because they had no representation in parliament
Which act banned the use of paper money in the colonies
Currency act of 1764
Which act required stamps to be placed on most printed materials and was the first direct tax Britain had placed on the colonists
What were writs of assistance
General search warrants that enabled customs officers to enter any location to look for evidence of smuggling
What was the Virginia resolves
They stated that only the house could tax Virginians
What was the Boston massacre
It occurred after a crowd of colonists began taunting and throwing snowballs at a British solider guarding customs house
Thomas Jefferson suggested that each colony create a what? Why?
Committee of correspondence to communicate with the other colonies about British activities
What were the coercive acts
They were intended to punish Massachusetts for the Boston tea party and end colonial college society to British authority but they violated several English rights
What was the declaration of rights and grievances
They expressed loyalty to the king but condemned the coercive acts
Americans who backed the British side were called...
Loyalists or tories
Farmers saw King's as their protector against planters and merchants who contorted the local governments
The second continental congress "adopted" the militia army and named it what?
The continental army
What did the battle of bunker hill show?
The colonial militia could stand up to one of the worlds most feared armies
What was the Olive branch petition
It stated that the colonies were still loyal to George lll and asked him to resolve the situation peacefully
Who was the author of the American crisis which boosted American morale and common sense which attacked king George
How did the continental army compare to the British troops
The Continental Army was
-left their posts
-rarely showed up
Why did the continental congress have trouble paying for the war
They could not tax & money wasn't backed up by silver or gold
What is the name for the kind of fighting practiced by the militias
Where was British headquarters
Did armies usually fight in the winter? Why?
No so it was a surprise when Washington attacked the British in Trenton in the winter. Food was scarce and land was hard to farm on. It was a surprise attack.
Why was general Howe's attack on Philadelphia a political failure
The goal was to trap the continental Congress but they escaped and there was no loyalist uprising
Why did the Iroquois ally themselves with Britain
They hoped to keep American settlers off Iroquois land so they both hated Americans
Who went down the Ohio River and captured towns
George Rodger Clark
Who attacked western Pennsylvania- burning towns and killing over 200 militia
British troops& Iroquois warriors
What were the letters of Marque
These gave ships the right to attack British merchant ships
This crop in southern America was imported to the British
Ride along with tabaco
What was one of the biggest and worst American defeats in the war
Who led the most famous of the small hit-and-run units that carried out raids against British camps& supply wagons in the south
Francis marion (swamp fox)
What ended the revolutionary war?
Treaty of Paris
The type of government where people have the power and vote, all were equal under the law
Why did John Adams believe a legislature should have two houses
To prevent any group from becoming too strong &they needed checks and balances
Where were the first three state constitutions that established an elected governor, Senate, and assembly
Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts
Who wrote the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom?
How did Mary Ludwig Hayes contribute to the revolution
She carried pitchers of water- that is why she is also known as Molly pitcher
What advances in education did women make after the revolution
Many schools for girls were founded in more women were able to read
What were the only types of jobs former slaves could get
Menial such as digging caring or sweeping
What was manumission
Voluntarily freeing slaves
Where did most loyalist who left the United States go after the revolution
British North America- specifically Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and near Niagara Falls
What was the first state university in the nation
University of North Carolina
What was the first actually college in North America?
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