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BP - Computers
Terms in this set (37)
__________ are the most basic part of a computer's processor. They switch between two electrical voltage states that correspond to a zero or a one in binary.
__________ - The base 2 number system consisting of just zeros and ones that modern computers use to perform calculations and store data.
The basic unit of digital information ( a 0 or 1) is known as a __________.
A __________, made up of 8 bits, is the amount of memory required to store a single character. It is the basic unit for measuring data storage.
How many bits in a byte?
The physical parts of a computer are the __________.
A computer's programs and files are the __________.
Central Processing Unit
What does CPU stand for?
Graphics Processing Unit
What does GPU stand for?
Part of the computer that "thinks" - runs programs, calculates, etc.
The computer's "active" memory where it holds the programs and data it is processing is known as _________.
Random Access Memory
What does RAM stand for?
Keyboards, mice and cameras are examples of __________ devices
Monitors, speakers and printers are examples of __________ devices.
The circuit board that connects the CPU, RAM, input and output devices is called a __________.
1,024 bytes is a __________.
1,024 kilobytes is a __________.
1,024 megabytes is a __________.
1,024 gigabytes is a __________.
__________ - The main program that runs a computer and manages all of the other programs.
__________ - basic unit for measuring processor speed in clock cycles per second (in physics, waves per second).
__________ - approximately 1 billion clock cycles per second and a common unit of measure for modern processors.
Along with Paul Allen, __________ founded the company Microsoft in 1975.
Microsoft Windows is a type of __________.
A set of instructions a computer uses to perform a certain task.
What is the acronym for the U.S. standard by which computers represent letters and numbers?
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
What does ASCII stand for?
When a computer translates information into a complicated code, which is only readable by someone who has the correct "key."
Programs designed to damage and/or spy on your computer.
The __________ allows you to click and drag files with a mouse instead of typing text into a command prompt.
Graphical User Interface
The acronym GUI stands for __________.
A large, super-high-performance computer used mainly in businesses and research labs.
A type of "built-in" memory that can't be altered or erased; it often holds the instructions needed to boot, or start up, a computer.
The acronym ROM stands for __________.
Computer memory that temporarily stores copies of recently accessed data, such as web pages.
A port used to connect devices like keyboards and flash drives to computers quickly.
Universal Serial Bus
USB stands for __________.
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