Fall Of The Roman Empire
Terms in this set (26)
After who's death ending what age did Rome enter a period of economic downfall?
Marcus Aurelius; Pax Romana
What 3 factors contributed to the downfall of Rome's economy?
-Lacked new sources of silver and gold
-Outside people disrupted trading system> high taxes
-over farmed land
What did the emperor Diocletian try to do?
Restore order by dividing empire into 2 parts for easier governing
Describe Diocletian as a leader
Strong-willed army leader, ruled with an iron fist/limited personal freedom; doubled army
What is inflation?
The rapid rise of prices
How did Diocletian restore prestige to the office of emperor?
Who built a new capital city of Byzantium?
What was Byzantium later names as?
How successful we're Diocletian and Constantine's reforms?
Long term=not so much
What were the causes for the final collapse of the western Roman Empire?
Separation from wealthier eastern empire
Who were the Huns?
Mongol nomads from Central Asia
What did various Germanic people do in attempt to flee from the Huns?
Pushed into roman land
What result did this fleeing into roman lands have?
Romans were unable to field an army to stop them
Who was Attila?
A powerful Hun chieftain
Why were Attila's forces unsuccessful in capturing Rome the first time?
Famine and disease
Who was Odoacer?
A Germanic leader
Who did Odaecer overthrow?
What was this event known as?
The fall of Rome
What did the eastern Roman Empire become?
The Byzantine empire
How did the Byzantine empire do?
Flourished for 1000 years
Preserved Greek and roman culture
Who did the Byzantine empire fall to?
The ottoman turks
Why did Rome fall?
Had to hire mercenaries= less disciplined and loyal
More oppressive/ authoritarian> lost support of people>civil wars
-Heavy taxes to support military
-slave labor>farmers leave land
-war and epidemics> smaller population
Lack of patriotism,