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Great Depression 42

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Which factor aided the growth of the U.S. economy during the 1920s?


A
increase in monopolistic business practices
B
decreased government restrictions on businesses
C
shift in population from rural areas
to cities
D
decreased participation in foreign markets
decreased government restrictions on businesses
What was one effect of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act?

A
It helped decrease the costs of exported goods.
B
It increased global economic instability.
C
It stimulated worldwide manufacturing.
D
It allowed local banks to buy foreign companies
It increased global economic instability.
A major cause of the sharp decline in prices in 1929 was

A
high tariff rates that decreased the popularity of stocks.
B
corporate failures that made buying stocks unprofitable.
C
speculation in stocks that made values unstable.
D
investigations into stock market practices that exposed fraud
speculation in stocks that made values unstable.
All of the following contributed to the bank failures of the late 1920s except

A
unpaid farm loans.
B
the stock market crash.
C
overextension of credit.
D
bank holidays
bank holidays
Which factor best explains the increased production of U.S. factories during the 1920s?

A
higher wages for skilled laborers
B
reduced tax rates on income and property
C
improved innovations in manufacturing
D
fewer accidents and safety issues in factories
improved innovations in manufacturing
Which statement best describes an agricultural practice that led to the decline of the farming industry in the 1930s?
A
Western farmers constructed elaborate systems of irrigation to bring water to desert regions.
B
Farmers imported seed and grain from other countries to supplement domestic supplies.
C
Technology was used to clear large tracts of land, resulting in the overproduction of crops.
D
Cattle drives were increased to meet the demand from consumers in eastern states
Technology was used to clear large tracts of land, resulting in the overproduction of crops.
Use the attachment to answer the question
How did farmers such as Lawrence Svobida respond to the conditions described in this excerpt?
A
by adopting new agricultural techniques
B
by establishing farm unions to demand relief
C
by organizing new sharecropping agreements
D
by moving west to seek alternative employment
by moving west to seek alternative employment
Most Dust Bowl migrants headed to which of the following states?

A
California
B
Nevada
C
Oklahoma
D
Texas
California
What was one major result of the event shown in the illustration?

A
increased nativist sentiment in the Midwest
B
creation of the Environmental Protection Agency
C
demands made by the Populist Movement
D
migration of agricultural laborers to California
migration of agricultural laborers to California
The Dust Bowl in the 1930s resulted from

A
the over-use of farmland.
B
the introduction of new crops.
C
work programs.
D
increased pollution.
the over-use of farmland
What was the main cause for the need for soup kitchens during the 1930s?

A
increase in food prices
B
decrease in crop production
C
high rate of unemployment
D
exchange rate of the dollar
high rate of unemployment
Which group experienced an early depression in the 1920s

A
farmers
B
banks
C
business men
D
Coach Mincher
farmers
During the 1920 The U.S. moved through which phase of the business cycle?

A
expansion
B
peak
C
contraction
D
through
expansion
In 1929, the stock market crashed because...

A
the FED increased the money supply
B
Germany ceased reparation payments to the US
C
investors lost confidence in the market and rushed to sell their shares
D
depositors lost their investments and tried to withdraw all their savings from banks
investors lost confidence in the market and rushed to sell their shares
Which factor contributed to the Great Depression over seas?

A
Europe increased trade to the U.S.
B
Congress lowered tariffs on foreign imports
C
American industry reduced production levels
D
The US curtailed investments in Europe
The US curtailed investments in Europe
Use the photograph attached to answer the question.
People likely abandoned this place because...


A
the land could not be farmed
B
They had lost their investments
C
the banks and businesses had closed
D
too many homeless people had moved there
the land could not be farmed
What event occurred on Black Tuesday?

A
Unemployment reached 25%
B
The Federal Reserve lowered interest rates
C
Investors sold over 16 million dollars worth of stock
D
Germany stopped reparations payments to the U.S
Investors sold over 16 million dollars worth of stock
European countries reacted to the Hawley-Smoot Tariff by

A
increasing global trade
B
passing high protective tariffs
C
importing more American goods
D
lowering prices on European goods
passing high protective tariffs
On the onset of the Great Depression urban unemployment

A
decreased slightly
B
stayed about the same
C
increased slightly
D
increased dramatically
increased dramatically
Which of these factors contributed to the plight of rural farmers

A
a long rainy season
B
decreased debt burden
C
falling prices for crops and livestock
D
increased demand for agricultural products
falling prices for crops and livestock
Use the map attached and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
What was the destination of most Dust Bowl migrants?

A
agricultural areas to the north
B
cities to find work
C
California's central valley
D
Kansas City
California's central valley
Congress instituted the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) to loan money to

A
European nations so that they could pay off their war debts
B
Investors so that they could engage in more stock speculation
C
Depositors so that they could withdraw their savings from banks
D
banks so that they could lend money to businesses to stimulate economic activity
banks so that they could lend money to businesses to stimulate economic activity
What does this photograph show?

A
bank closures
B
a Hooverville
C
the Dust Bowl
D
the stock market crash
the Dust Bowl
Why did volunteerism fail?

A
Banks made too many loans to struggling businesses
B
businesses and citizens acted in their individual best interest
C
Hoover supported more government intervention
D
it was a bad idea in the first place
businesses and citizens acted in their individual best interest
Why were banks one of the first institutions to feel the effects of the stock market crash?

A
people began to lose confidence in the economy and frightened depositors began to remove their deposits from banks
B
Banks gave out too many loans in the 1920s, so there was a great deal of money in circulation
C
The Federal Reserve increased interest rates in the 1920s to stimulate economic growth, but then limited the money supply to discourage lending
D
After the stock market crash people went to banks to secure their hard money so they could circulate it back into the economy
people began to lose confidence in the economy and frightened depositors began to remove their deposits from banks
Why did many Americans decide they needed new leadership in 1932?

A
prices for farm products were rising again
B
Congress passed a bill given veterans their bonuses
C
Hoover's volunteerism and trickle-down economics had failed
D
Hoover denied responsibility of using federal troops on protestors
Hoover's volunteerism and trickle-down economics had failed
Some Americans blamed the Great Depression on

A
socialism
B
communism
C
capitalism
D
Katie M.
capitalism
President Hoover urged Congress to institute RFC because he believed the economy suffered from

A
lack of credit
B
over employment
C
too much government regulation
D
a concentration of wealth in large businesses
lack of credit
President Hoover responded cautiously to the Great Depression because he

A
thought the business cycle would correct itself
B
Was distracted by the giant dust storms on the Great Plains
C
did not have any experience with economic theory
D
believed that the federal government needed to take an active approach to recovery
thought the business cycle would correct itself
The unemployment rate of African Americans was

A
nearly double the national rate
B
slightly higher than the national rate
C
slightly lower than the national rate
D
about the same as the national rate
nearly double the national rate
Farmers contributed to the conditions that led to the Dust Bowl by

A
putting down new layers of top soil
B
moving off the plains to find new farmland
C
damning western rivers
D
using intensive farming practices that removed protective grasses
using intensive farming practices that removed protective grasses
Why did the Bonus Army march in Washington DC?

A
The Federal Reserve refused to pay veterans their bonus
B
Mac Author attached protestors demanding their bonuses
C
Hoover vetoed a bill providing early payment of veterans bonuses
D
just because
Hoover vetoed a bill providing early payment of veterans bonuses
Use the attached timeline and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
What event happened when the veterans group marched in protest on Washington?

A
Over twenty thousand protestors set up camps and peacefully occupied empty government buildings
B
Congress ordered General MacArthur to use federal troops to remove the protestors by using force
C
General MacArthur along with Dwight Eisenhower and George Patton, agreed it was necessary to use force to remove the protestors
D
Federal troops used tear gas and marched with their bayonets on the protestors; many of the veterans were injured.
Federal troops used tear gas and marched with their bayonets on the protestors; many of the veterans were injured.
Which of these factors helped hide economic problems in the 1920s?

A
Investors lost confidence in the market
B
farmers sold crop surpluses to pay off their debts
C
Americas purchased many consumer goods on credit
D
Wages increased at the same pace as worker productivity
Americas purchased many consumer goods on credit
The policy of volunteerism called for which of the following

A
higher taxes
B
The policy of volunteerism called for which of the following
D
less reliance on charitable contributions
The policy of volunteerism called for which of the following
President Hoover urged Congress to institute the (Reconstruction Finance Corporation) RFC because he believed that the economy suffered from

A
a lack of credit
B
over-employment
C
too much government regulation
D
a concentration of wealth in large businesses
a lack of credit
How did the uneven distribution of the nation's wealth lead to the depression?

A
Farmers had huge surpluses of crops, but demand for them decreased drastically so they went into debt
B
All of the choices
C
Wealthy people grew wealthier and had money to spend on consumer products, but this spending was not enough to keep the economy booming.
D
Acquiring a line of credit was easy, but it caused more debt for people who could not make payments
Acquiring a line of credit was easy, but it caused more debt for people who could not make payments
Both African Americans and Mexican Americans had an especially difficult time during the Great Depression because they

A
had little community and family support upon which to rely
B
were forced to migrate from the South to find work in northern cities
C
had to fight repatriation efforts by local, sate, and federal government officials
D
faced discrimination when competing with White Americans for a limited number of jobs
faced discrimination when competing with White Americans for a limited number of jobs
Which of these factors helped hide the economic problems 1920s?
A
Investors lost confidence in the markets
B
farmers sold crop surpluses to pay off their debts
C
Americans purchased many consumer goods on credit
D
wages increased at the same pace as worker productivity
Americans purchased many consumer goods on credit
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