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20 terms

Ch5: Project Scope Management

Information Technology Project Management 6e Schwalbe
STUDY
PLAY
analogy approach
creating a WBS by using similar project's WBS as a starting point
bottom-up approach
creating a WBS by having team members identify as many specific tasks related to the project as possible and then grouping them into higher level categories
decomposition
subdividing project deliverables into smaller pieces
deliverable
a product, such as a report or segment of software code, produced as part of a project
joint application design (JAD)
using highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stakeholders - the sponsor, users, business analysts, programmers, and so on - to jointly define and design information systems
project scope management
the processes involved in defining and controlling what work is or is not included in a project
project scope statement
a document that includes, at a minimum, a description of the project, including its overall objectives and justification, detailed descriptions of all project deliverables, and the characteristics and requirements of products and services produced as parts of the project
prototyping
developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of the system to help define user requirements
requirement
a condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a system, product, service, result, or component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formal document
requirements management plan
a plan than describes how project requirements will be analyzed, documented, and managed
requirements traceability matrix (RTM)
a table that lists requirements, various attributes of each requirement, and the status of the requirements to ensure that all requirements are addressed
scope
all the work involved in creating the products of the project and the processes used to create them
scope baseline
the approved project scope statement and its associated WBS and WBS dictionary
scope creep
the tendency for project scope to keep getting bigger
top-down approach
creating a WBS by starting with the largest items of the project and breaking them into their subordinate items
use case modeling
a process for identifying and modeling business events, who initiated them, and how the system should respond to them
variance
the difference between planned and actual performance
WBS dictionary
a document that describes detailed information about each WBS item
work breakdown structure (WBS)
a deliverable-oriented grouping of work involved in a project that defines the total scope of the project
work package
a task at the lowest level of the WBS