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APUSH Ch. 2
Terms in this set (60)
Seventeenth-century English colonial settlements
A. were mostly business enterprises
B. were tightly controlled by the English government.
C. were effectively isolated from contact with other nations.
D. were well-planned and generally quite successful from the start.
E. maintained the political and social institutions of England.
Which of the following does NOT describe the site chosen for the Jamestown settlement?
A. It was low and swampy and subject to outbreaks of malaria.
B. It was inland so as to offer security from natives.
C. It bordered the territories of powerful Indian tribes.
D. It was surrounded by thick woods.
E. It was inaccessible by ship.
The initial Jamestown colonists focused primarily on
A. the long-term success of the settlement.
B. building a family-centered community.
C. developing peaceful relations with the Indians in the area.
D. the search for gold.
E. converting the local Indians to Christianity
Captain John Smith helped the Jamestown settlement survive by A. waging all-out war with the local Indians.
B. dividing decision-making authority among the colonists to improve morale.
C. imposing work and order on the colonists.
D. introducing tobacco to the colonists.
E. importing African slaves to rebuild the fort.
The "starving time" in Jamestown during the winter of 1609-1610 was partly the result of
A. major fires that ravaged surrounding crop lands.
B. the extermination of the Indians who used to grow crops.
C. an influx of rats from settlers' ships that ate much of the stored grains.
D. a drought that led to crop failures.
E. the sinking of the colonists' supply ship in the Atlantic.
The first profitable economic development in Jamestown resulted from
A. the discovery of gold and silver.
B. fur trade with the Indians.
C. the production of tobacco.
D. development of fisheries and lumber.
E. the cultivation of cotton.
The cultivation of tobacco around Jamestown resulted in all the following EXCEPT
A. the rapid wearing out of the soil.
B. the search for new sources of labor.
C. rising prosperity for the colony. D. improved relations with the local Indians.
E. the expansion of European settlement into the interior.
The Virginia Company developed the "headright" system to
A. attract new settlers to the colony.
B. discourage poor people from moving to the colony.
C. require families to migrate together.
D. raise revenue from the sale of land.
E. cause conflict among the neighboring Indian tribes.
Which of the following statements best characterizes the first years of Jamestown's existence?
A. A majority of its colonists enjoyed significant economic success.
B. The settlement was often assaulted by Spanish invaders.
C. The settlement was notable for its peaceful relations with local Indians.
D. The settlement was notable for its toleration of political freedom. E. The settlement survived despite an enormous loss of life.
When the House of Burgesses was created in Virginia in 1619,
A. it gave settlers full political control of their colony.
B. landowning women colonists were allowed to vote.
C. colonists were given a share of local political representation.
D. it put an end to a violent uprising by disgruntled colonists. E. it recommended that Virginia declare independence from England.
The first blacks imported to Virginia in 1619
A. may have been considered indentured servants by the colonists.
B. sparked an immediate rapid stream of African slaves to the British colonies.
C. were preferred to European indentured servants.
D. followed Indians into slavery.
E. arrived as independent landowners.
The Powhatan Indian Pocahontas A. married Englishman John Smith. B. was kidnapped by John Rolfe.
C. created an interest in England in "civilizing" Indians.
D. was the cause of a war between the Powhatan Indians and Virginian colonists.
E. refused to convert to Christianity.
Warfare between Englishmen and Powhatan Indians in Virginia
A. continued without interruption until the early eighteenth century. B. was first triggered by the kidnapping of Pocahontas.
C. was primarily a result of religious tensions between natives and settlers.
D. was uncommon until the early eighteenth century.
E. included an Indian attack on Jamestown that killed hundreds of colonists.
The Virginia Company
A. never sanctioned military action against the Native Americans of Virginia.
B. deeply opposed the importation of Africans to the colonies.
C. was absorbed by the crown because it was becoming too powerful.
D. had its charter revoked by James I.
E. found most of its Virginia ventures to be very profitable.
In which area of technology were Indians more advanced than the Virginia colonists?
B. ocean-going vessels
E. animal husbandry
In the seventeenth century, English colonists recognized that corn
A. could only be grown in the New World.
B. was their most financially valuable crop.
C. produced yields greater than any of the European grains.
D. was a particularly difficult crop to cultivate.
E. could not be grown in the swampy land around Jamestown.
In its beginning, the Maryland colony
A. experienced tremendous warfare with local Indians.
B. allowed no Protestant settlers. C. was a refuge for English Catholics.
D. was led by Captain John Smith. E. experienced considerable conflict with nearby French settlers.
Which the following statements regarding Sir William Berkeley is FALSE?
A. He was a dominant political figure in Virginia for more than three decades.
B. He encouraged Virginia to develop westward.
C. His relations with Indians were violent and bloody.
D. He extended political representation for frontier settlers. E. He sent explorers across the Blue Ridge Mountains
By 1670, political representation for colonists in Virginia
A. saw elections take place every two years.
B. was open to all white men over the age of twenty-one.
C. had grown more restrictive.
D. favored western counties over eastern counties.
E. expanded to include landholding black men
A. spelled the demise of the Virginia Company.
B. saw the royal governor of Virginia forced to resign.
C. spread throughout several colonies.
D. carried on for several years.
E. was a conflict between eastern and western political forces in Virginia
The suppression of Bacon's Rebellion helped spur
A. tobacco production.
B. slavery in Virginia.
C. European investment.
D. the triangular trade.
E. calls for independence from England.
In 1608, Puritan Separatists that left England
A. sought refuge in Virginia.
B. emigrated quietly to northern France.
C. were encouraged by the Church of England to emigrate.
D. chartered a colony in Plymouth. E. could not legally do so without the king's permission.
In 1620, the Puritan Pilgrims who came to North America
A. intended to settle at Cape Cod.
B. came over the objections of the Virginia colony.
C. were seeking to escape military service in England.
D. hoped to create their ideal close-knit Christian community.
E. enjoyed a particularly mild winter their first year.
During the early years the survival and growth of the Plymouth colony
A. was due in large part to the assistance of the natives.
B. led the colonists to grow rich from the surrounding productive farmlands.
C. saw the colonists carry out warfare that wiped out much of the local Indian population.
D. nevertheless saw two-thirds of its population die.
E. was critically important for trade routes with Jamestown to the south.
King Charles I's treatment of Puritans could be characterized as A. relatively tolerant.
B. extremely hostile.
C. governed by economic motives.
D. more likely to advance Puritan thought in England.
E. unlikely to involve imprisonment for religious beliefs.
The Puritan merchants who founded the Massachusetts Bay colony
A. established their capital in Salem.
B. took over what had been a royal colony.
C. were led by Miles Standish.
D. were given their colonial charter by Charles II.
E. carried out the largest single migration in the seventeenth century.
The Massachusetts Bay Puritans
A. lived as grim and joyless people.
B. took vows of poverty as evidence of their commitment to their faith.
C. created a colonial "theocracy." D. fought with the surrounding Indians almost immediately.
E. introduced freedom of worship to the New World.
The Puritan founders in Massachusetts who described their colony as a "city upon a hill" A. felt they were creating a holy community that would be a model for the world.
B. wanted to construct their community on high ground to save it from Indian attacks.
C. wanted to create a community that would be open to all peoples of all faiths.
D. sought to create a community in which all people were treated as equals.
E. wanted to differentiate their community from the materialism and acquisitiveness of New Haven
Thomas Hooker is associated with establishing the colony of
A. Rhode Island.
C. New Hampshire.
One reason Roger Williams was deported from the Massachusetts colony was that he
A. was a confirmed Separatist.
B. argued that the colony should maintain allegiance to the Church of England.
C. said the land occupied by the colonists belonged to the Indians. D. attempted to take over the leadership of the colony.
E. advocated the principle of plural marriage.
When it was established in 1644, the colony of Rhode Island
A. had strong ties to the church in the Massachusetts colony.
B. organized the first fully democratic government in North America.
C. had no ties to the Massachusetts colony.
D. was notable for its religious toleration.
E. banned Jews from immigrating.
In 1638, Anne Hutchinson was deported from the Massachusetts colony because she
A. was accused of practicing witchcraft.
B. argued that only the "elect" were entitled to any religious or political authority.
C. challenged the prevailing assumptions of the proper role of women in society.
D. was a single mother who refused to marry.
E. preached against what she called the "Antinomian heresy."
Which New England Puritan could LEAST accurately be described as a religious dissenter?
A. Anne Hutchinson
B. John Winthrop
C. Roger Williams
D. John Wheelwright
E. Thomas Hooker
Over time in the seventeenth century, an increasing number of New England Puritans came to view Indian society
A. with condescending admiration. B. with fear and contempt.
C. as worth preserving.
D. as part of the godly community. E. as helpful neighbors and partners in commerce.
In 1637, hostilities broke out between English settlers in the Connecticut Valley and which local Native American tribe?
A. the Seminoles
B. the Powhatans
C. the Sioux
D. the Wampanoags
E. the Pequots
In King Philip's War, Indians made effective use of a relatively new weapon, the
A. flintlock rifle.
B. matchlock rifle.
C. repeating revolver.
D. Gatling gun.
E. artillery cannon.
In the 1640s, during the English Civil War, the Cavaliers were
A. the forces of Parliament, who were largely Puritans.
B. supporters of King Charles I.
C. Scottish and Irish gentry desiring to secede from England. D. both the forces of Parliament and supporters of King Charles I. E. neither the forces of Parliament nor supporters of King Charles I.
The English Restoration began with the reign of
A. James II.
B. Oliver Cromwell.
C. George I.
D. Elizabeth I.
E. Charles II
The proprietors who founded the Carolina colony
A. guaranteed religious freedom to all Christians.
B. rejected the headright system. C. ruled the colony with dictatorial powers.
D. quickly made it a financial success.
E. banned the importation of indentured servants.
The Fundamental Constitution for the Carolina colony
A. sought to create a society of general equality among Englishmen.
B. was influenced by the English philosopher John Locke.
C. initially did not include slavery.
D. made no provisions for a colonial parliament.
E. All these answers are correct
The development of the Carolina colony was notable in that
A. the colony was able to attract large numbers of settlers from nearby colonies.
B. the northern and southern regions were economically and socially distinct from each other. C. its economy was grounded in tobacco production.
D. its founders had discouraged the use of slaves.
E. it advocated independence from England well before any other mainland colony.
The New York colony
A. had its founding proprietors from the Carolina colony.
B. made a commitment to representative assemblies.
C. emerged after a struggle between the English and the Dutch.
D. saw its population grow slowly for its first fifty years.
E. banned slavery from its inception.
Like New York, the New Jersey colony
A. quickly developed a strong local government.
B. had few slaves during its early existence.
C. was characterized by a unified and generally peaceful society.
D. had great ethnic and religious diversity.
E. developed an important class of large landowners.
Which of the following was NOT a Stuart Restoration colony?
C. New York
E. New Jersey
Unlike Puritans, the Quakers
A. accepted the concept of predestination.
B. rejected the doctrine of original sin.
C. were not persecuted by the English government.
D. paid their clergy handsomely.
E. All these answers are correct.
In the seventeenth century, English Quakers
A. granted women a position within the church generally equal to that of men.
B. had no paid clergy.
C. were pacifists.
D. believed all could attain salvation.
E. All these answers are correct.
A. was a man of great wealth who converted to Quakerism.
B. established a moderately successful but never cosmopolitan colony.
C. suppressed the local Indians in Pennsylvania with a strong military presence.
D. never visited Pennsylvania.
E. used unscrupulous and deceptive advertising to attract settlers.
The colony established by people seeking to separate from Pennsylvania was
B. New Jersey.
D. New York.
The English colonial settlements in the Caribbean
A. concluded it was cheaper to buy new African slaves than to protect those they owned.
B. developed their settlements along the same lines as those of the Chesapeake.
C. developed significant economic success through the production of tobacco.
D. had a smaller percentage of slaves than that held by the North American colonies.
E. were forced to deal with larger native populations than settlements on the mainland.
Which of the following was NOT an agricultural technique used for improving the soil?
B. planting beans
C. planting tobacco
D. planting corn and beans together
E. All these answers are correct.
What became the dominant crop of the Caribbean colonies?
The Spanish colony of New Mexico
A. was never able to quell the ongoing Pueblo revolt.
B. added no economic value to the Spanish Empire.
C. could be considered prosperous only when compared to other borderlands.
D. contained more than one million Spanish citizens.
E. included the largest Spanish city in the Americas.
Georgia was founded
A. to provide a refuge for Catholics.
B. to create a military barrier against the Spanish.
C. to quickly make money for its investors.
D. by Quaker missionaries.
E. as a haven for religious dissenters.
Originally, the Georgia colony excluded
A. free Africans.
C. indentured servants.
D. both free Africans and slaves.
E. neither free Africans nor slaves.
In colonial North America, the "middle grounds" refers to a region in which
A. no one European or Indian group held a clear dominance.
B. Indian tribes were largely able to keep European colonists out.
C. English colonists quickly became the dominant power.
D. Spanish colonists were long the dominant power.
E. French colonists managed to hold the balance of power.
Which of the following statements regarding the Navigation Acts (1660s) is FALSE?
A. English colonies were closed to all trade except that carried by English ships.
B. Certain colonial products could be exported only to England.
C. All European goods sent to the colonies had to pass through England and were subject to taxes.
D. English colonists could only produce products that were also sold in England.
E. Duties were imposed on the coastal trade among the English colonies.
The Navigation Acts enacted by the English Parliament A. strangled many colonial American tobacco plantations. B. encouraged the colonists to create an important shipbuilding industry of their own. C. damaged the business of New England merchants in favor of English merchants. D. were passed only through the vigorous political support of Virginian planters. E. sought to strengthen the British relationship with the Dutch.
The Dominion of New England
A. preserved existing colonial legislative assemblies.
B. was called into being by King Charles II.
C. was limited to what now constitutes New England.
D. declared the Navigation Acts null and void.
E. called for a single royal governor.
The rebellion led by Jacob Leisler took place in
A. Rhode Island.
B. New Jersey.
D. New York.
The Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689
A. saw an English king, James II, flee to the European continent.
B. enhanced the influence of Catholicism in England.
C. helped put in place the Dominion of New England.
D. kept the English crown among Englishmen.
E. had no effect on colonial governments.
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