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CHAPTER 14: WORLD WAR I AND IT'S AFTERMATH
The American Republic Since 1877- Ch 14: World War I and Its Aftermath -key terms and names
Terms in this set (48)
a Mexican general who overthrew the government of Mexico and encouraged American intervention.
leader of a group of Mexican guerrillas that crossed the border into the United States.
an armed band that uses surprise attacks and sabotage rather than open warfare.
John J. Pershing
commander of American troops in Mexico and during World War I.
an agreement between Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary to defend one another.
an freindly understanding or informal alliance between Britain, France and Russia.
felling of intense loyalty and devotion to a nation.
the idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government.
the region of southeastern Europe where rising tension began in World War I.
Archduke of Austria whose assassination in Sarajevo began World War I in 1914.
Britain, France, Italy, Russia and later the United States fighting against Central Powers in World War I.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria fighting against the Allies in World War I.
information designed to influence public opinion.
German submarine; term means Unterseeboot (undersea boat).
German promise not to sink merchant ships without warning.
German offer to return lost territory to Mexico if it agreed to enter the war against the United States.
Forced military service.
required all men between 21 and 30 to register for the draft.
Army Nursing Corps
the only women to actually serve in the army during World War I.
War Industries Board
Government organization to coordinate the production of war materials.
director of the War Industries Board.
Gardens planted by American citizens during war to raise vegetables for home use thus leaving more for the troops.
Daylight savings time
a change in time designed to decrease the use of coal and oil by taking advantage of daylight hours.
Liberty Bonds/Victory Bonds
bonds sold to the Americans that were really a loan to the government.
National War Labor Board (NWLB)
government organization to settle labor disputes without disrupting the war effort.
Committee on Public Information
A government organization responsible for maintaining public support for the war effort.
Spying to acquire governmental information.
the space between opposing trenches on World War I battlefields.
a nickname for American soldiers.
a group that travel with something, such as a ship, to protect it.
a group of Communists seeking to control the government of Russia.
Leader of the Bolshevik (Communist)party who overthrew the government of Russia.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
an agreement between Germany and Russia in which Russia withdrew from World War I.
a ceasefire that ends a military conflict.
President Wilson's plan for the peace treaty ending WWI.
League of Nations
an association of nations organized to preserve peace and prevent future wars.
Treaty of Versailles
an agreement ending World War I.
war damages- payment by the losing country in a war to the winner for the damages caused by the war.
a strike that involves all the workers living in a certain location, not just workers in a particular industry.
Governor of Massachusetts during the Boston police strike and later President of the United States.
Elbert H. Gary
President of U.S. Steel during the steel strike of 1919-1920.
an organization for coordinating the activities of Communist parties in other countries.
nationwide panic that Communist might take control of the government of the United States.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General during the Red Scare.
J. Edgar Hoover
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, F.B.I.
to expel from a country.
Cost of living
the cost of food, clothing, shelter and other essentials.
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