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Euro Ch. 21-French Revolution
Terms in this set (20)
liberty and equality
Two ideas that fueled revolution in America and Europe. It was a call for individual human rights
the power to govern
educated, middle class of France; provided force behind the Revolution
Power is held by the people and exercised through representatives elected by the people.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches
Emphasizes freedom, democracy, and the importance of the individual.
another term for "classes" of people
Privileges of lordship.
when Bastille was destroyed, a wave of violence that took over france
a system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law
Radical republicans during the French Revolution.
a phase when the fall of the French monarchy marked a rapid radicalization of the Revolution
These were the liberals of France who did not want to execute Louis XVI, but The Mountain did anyway
political party lead by Robespierre, men of action, were main leaders in revolution
urban workers "those without knee breeches"
an economic system in which the government or workers' councils manages the economy
Reign of Terror
The period 1793-1794 in revolutionary France when suspected traitors were beheaded in great numbers
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
a reaction to the Reign of Terror where middle class professionals reasserted their authority
The idea that the father was the head of the household and ruled with absolute authority.
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