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AP Human Geography Unit 2 Population and Migration (Thom & Shetlar 2018)
James M. Rubenstein 11th Edition
Terms in this set (55)
A disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population
The number of people per unit of area of arable land
Shows percentage of population in 5-year age groups, with the youngest group at the base of the pyramid and the oldest group at the top. The length of the bar represents the percentage of the total population in that group. Males are usually on the left and females on the right
The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Total fertility rate (TFR)
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.
Natural Increase Rate
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. Excludes migration.
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
The total number of people divided by the total land area. (population density)
An official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals. Given every 10 years in the USA.
Crude Birth Rate
The total number of live births yearly per thousand people in a population
Crude Death Rate
The total number of deaths yearly per 1,000 people in the population
The scientific study of population characteristics
Demographic Transition Model
A sequence of demographic changes in which a country moves through stages from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates through time.
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 (non-working), compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
The time required for a population to double in size assuming constant rate
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions.
Infant Mortality Rate
The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year of age for every 1,000 live births.
Conditions that cause people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
Largest number of individuals of a population that an environment can support
Movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity; not forced.
Human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate.
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Migration within a country
A foreign laborer living and working temporarily in another country. The program began in Europe in the 1960's.
Immigrants who come into a country without the government's permission
Moving into a population
Leaving a population
A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s in the UK.
Land suitable for growing crops
Permanent movement within one region of a country.
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
Conditions that draw people to another location
Theorized that population increases exponentially whereas agriculture increases linearly; eventually, the world would run out of food.
The difference between emigration and immigration; is not part of a country's Natural Increase Rate
A process of movement and settlement across international borders in which individuals maintain connection to their country of origin while at the same time settling in a new country
Someone who has migrated to another country in hopes of being recognized as a refugee
Large-scale emigration by talented people
Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
Internally Displaced Person (IDP)
Someone who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another in the same country
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
All types of movement between locations
In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
Net migration from rural to urban areas
Theorized that food production can, and will, increase to match the needs of the population
A government policy that discourages more births in the population (one-child policy, birth control, sterilization)
A population policy that aims to encourage more births through the use of incentives
A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area
Transfer of money by workers to people in the country from which they emigrated
Gravity Model of Migration
Large communities have a greater pull and attract more migrants
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
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