SW 6700 Terms
Terms in this set (68)
The process by which a person in psychoanalysis attaches to a therapist feelings formerly held toward some significant person who figured in a past emotional conflict.
An involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic motor movement or vocalization.
Lack of psychomotor activity, which may range from not actively relating to the environment to complete immobility
Repetitive, abnormally frequent, non-goal directed movements, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior (e.g. hand shaking or waving, body rocking, head banging, self-biting).
General conceptual frameworks, or clusters of knowledge, regarding objects, people, and situations; knowledge packages that encode generalizations about the structure of the environment.
A state in which the mind uncontrollably brings up random thoughts and memories and switches between them very quickly. Sometimes the thoughts are related, with one thought leading to another; other times they are completely random. A person experiencing an episode of racing thoughts has no control over them and is unable to focus on a single topic or to sleep.
Exhibiting a wide range of cultural incongruent odd, eccentric, or unusual behaviors and cognitions, including both process (e.g, perception, dissociation) and content (e.g. beliefs). Psychoticism is one of the five broad PERSONALITY TRAIT DOMAINS defined in Section III "Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders"
Speech that is increased in amount, accelerated, and difficult or impossible to interrupt. Usually it is also loud and emphatic. Frequently the person talks without any social stimulation and may continue to talk even though no one is listening.
A persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (i.e the phobic stimulus) out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the specific object or situation that results in a compelling desire to avoid it.
- Pressured speech- Speech that
Enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself. PERSONALITY TRAITS are prominent aspects of personality that are exhibited in relatively consistent ways across time and across situations. Personality traits influence self and interpersonal functioning. Depending on their severity, impairments in personality functioning and personality trait expression may reflect the presence of a personality disorder
Persistence at task or in particular in ways of doing things long after the behavior has ceased to be functional or effective, continuance of the same behavior despite repeated failures or clear reasons for stopping. " " is a facet of the broad personality trait domain NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY.
The processes that organize information in the sensory image and interpret it as having been produced by properties of objects or events in the external, three-dimensional world.
the study of disease processes
An unreasonable and sustained belief that is maintained with less that delusional intensity (i.e the person is able to acknowledge the possibility that the belief may not be true). The belief is not one that is ordinary accepted my member of the person's culture or subculture
Recurrent and persistent thoughts, urges, or images that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive or unwanted and that in most individuals cause marked anxiety or distress. The individual attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, urges, or images, or to neutralize, them with some other thoughts or actions (i.e. by performing a compulsion)
Frequent and intense experiences of high levels of a wide range of negative emotions (e.g. anxiety, depression, guilt/shame, worry, anger) and their behavioral (e.g. self harm) and interpersonal (e.g. dependency) manifestations. Negative anxiety is one of the five pathological PERSONALITY TRAIT DOMAINS defined in section III "Alternative DSM- 5 Model for person with disorders"
a pervasive and sustained emotion that colors the perception of the world. Common examples of " " include depression, elation, anger, and anxiety. In contrast, to affect, which refers to more fluctuating changes in emotional "weather," mood refers to a pervasive and sustained emotional "climate."
An unpleasant mood, such as sadness, anxiety, or irritability.
An exaggerated feeling of well-being, or euphoria or elation. A person with elevated mood may describe feeling "high," "ecstatic," "on top of the world," or "up in the clouds."
Mood in the "normal" range, which implies the absence of depressed or elevated mood
Lack of restraint in expressing one's feelings, frequently with an overvaluation of one's significance or importance.
Easily annoyed and provoked to anger.
The erroneous belief that one's thoughts, words or actions will cause or prevent a specific outcome in some way that defies commonly understood laws of cause and effect. " " may be part of a normal childhood development.
Ideas of reference
The feeling that casual incidents and external events have a particular and unusual meaning that is specific to a person. An " " is to be distinguished from a DELUSION OF REFERENCE, in which there is a belief that is held with delusional conviction.
Believing that one is superior to others and deserves special treatment; self-centeredness, feelings of entitlement, condensation towards others. " " is a faucet of the broad personality personality trait with ANTAGONIS.
Flight of ideas
A nearly continuous flow of accelerated speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic that are usually based on understandable associations, distracting stimuli, or plays on words. When the condition is severe, speech may be disorganized and incoherent.
Instability of emotional experiences and mood; emotions that are easily aroused, intense, and/ or out propoption to events and circumstances." " is a facet of the broad personality trait domain NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY
Distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscle activity
The experience of feeling detached from, and as if one is an outside observer, one's surrounding( e.g. individuals or objects are experienced, as unreal, dreamlike, foggy, lifeless, or visually distorted)
The experience of feeling detached from, and as if one is an outside observer of, one's mental process, body, or actions (e.g. feelings like one is in a dream, sense of unreality of self, perceptual alterations; emotional and/ or physical numbing; temporal distortions, sense of unreality)
a false belief based on incorrect inference about external reality that is firmly held despite what almost everyone else believes and despite what constitutes incontrovertible and obvious proof or evidence to the contrary. The belief is not ordinarily accepted by other members of the person's culture or subculture (i.e. it is not an article of religious faith). When a false belief involves a value judgment, it is regarded as a " " only when the judgement is so extreme as to defy credibility. " " conviction can sometimes be inferred from an overvalued idea (in which case the individual has an unreasonable belief or idea but does not hold it as firmly as is the case with a delusion. " " are divided based on their context
a delusion that involves a phenomenon that the person's culture would regard as physically impossible
A delusion that one's sexual partner is unfaithful
a delusion that another person, usually of higher status, is in love with the individual
a delusion of inflated worth, power, knowledge, identity, or special relationship to a deity or famous person
Of being controlled (Delusions)
a delusion in which feelings, impulses, thoughts, or actions are experienced as being under the control of some external force rather than being under one's own control
Of reference (delusions)
a delusion in which events, objects, or other persons in one's immediate environment are seen as having a particular and unusual significance. These delusions are usually of a negative or pejorative nature but also may be grandiose in content. A delusion of reference differs from an idea of reference, in which the false belief is not firmly held nor as fully organized into a true belief.
a delusion in which the central theme is that one (or someone to whom one is close) is being attacked, harassed, cheated, persecuted, or conspired against.
A delusion whose main content pertains to the appearance or functioning of one's body
Thought broadcasting (delusions)
A delusion that one's thoughts are being broadcast out loud so that they can be perceived by others
Thought insertion (delusions)
a delusion that certain of one's thoughts are not one's own, but rather are inserted into one's mind
Mechanisms that mediate the individual's reaction to the emotional conflicts and to external stressors. Some defense mechanisms( e.g. projection, splitting, acting out) are almost invariably maladaptive. Others (e.g.suppression, denial) may be either maladaptive or adaptive, depending on the severity, their flexibility, and the context in which they occur.
Circumstances in which a psychoanalyst develops personal feelings about a client because of perceived similarity of the client to significant people in the therapist's life.
a loss, or alteration in, voluntary motor or sensory functioning, with or without apparent impairment of consciousness. The symptom is not fully explained by a neurological or other medical condition or the direct effects of a substance and is not intentionally produced or feigned. They believe somethings wrong with them and have physical symptoms but the dr cant find anything wrong with them.
Repetitive behaviors (e.g. handwashing, ordering, checking) or mental acts (e.g. praying, counting, repeating words silently) that the individual feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. The behaviors it mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing anxiety or distress, or preventing some dreading event or situation; however, these behaviors or mental acts are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or are clearly excessive
The experience of more than one disorder at the same time
Processes of knowing, including attending, remembering, and reasoning; also the content of the processes, such as concepts and memories.
Marked motor abnormalities including motor immobility, certain types of excessive motor activity (purposeless agitation not influenced by external stimuli), extreme negativism (apparent motiveless resistance to instructions or attempts to be moved), or mutism, posturing, or stereotyped movements. May involve symptoms such as, saying still, fast, or strange movements, lack of speech & other unusual behavior.
An inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities. When severe enough to be considered pathological, " " is pervasive and prevents the person from completing many different types of activities ( work, intellectual pursuits, self care)
A reduced initiative for interacting with other people
Lack of enjoyment from, engagement in, or energy, for life's experiences; deficits in the capacity to feel pleasure and take interest in things. " " is a facet of the broad personality trait domain DETACHMENT.
Loss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage
an impoverishment in thinking that is inferred from observed speech and language behavior. There may be brief and concrete replies to questions and restriction in the amount of spontaneous speech (termed poverty of speech). Sometimes the speech is adequate in the amount but conveys little information because it is overconcrete, overabstract, repetitive, or stereotyped (termed poverty of content)
A pattern of observable behaviors that is the expression of a subjectively experienced feeling state (emotion. I.e. sadness, elation, anger. This is in contrast to mood, which refers to a pervasive and sustained emotional "climate". Affect refers to more fluctuating changes in emotional "weather". What is considered the normal range of the expression. Varies considerably, both within and among different cultures.
significant reduction in the intensity of emotional expression
absence or near absence of any affective expression
discordance between affective expression and the context or speak or ideation
abnormal variability in affect with repeated, rapid, and abrupt shifts in affective expression
Restricted or constricted (affect)
mild reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression
The splitting off of clusters of mental contents from conscious awareness. " " is a mechanism central dissociative disorders. The term is also used to describe the separation of an idea from its emotional significance and affect, and seen in the inappropriate affect in schizophrenia. Often a result of psychic trauma, " " may allow the individual to maintain allegiance to two contradictory truths while remaining unconscious of the contradiction. An extreme manifestation of " " is dissociative identity disorder, in which a person may exhibit several independent personalities, each unaware of the others.
A perception-like experience with the clarity and impact of a true perception but without the external stimulation of the relevant sensory organism. " " should be separated from illusions, in which an actual external stimulus is misperceived or misinterpreted. The person may or may not have insight into the nonverdical nature of the " " . One " " person may recognize the false in reality. The term " " is not ordinarily applied to the false perceptions that occur during dreaming, while falling asleep (hynagogic) or upon waking, (hypnopompic). Transient " " experiences may occur without a mental disorder.
hallucination involving the perception of sound, most commonly of voice
Visual hallucinations involving geometric shapes such as tunnels and funnels, spirals, lattices, or cobwebs.
A hallucination involving the perception of taste (usually unpleasant).
hallucination involving the perception of odor, such as burning rubber or decaying fish.
hallucination involving the perception of physical experience localized within the body (e.g. a feeling of electricity). A somatic hallucination is to be distinguished from physical sensations arising from an as-yet-undiagnosed medical condition, from hypochondriacal preoccupation with normal physical sensations, or from a tactile hallucination
hallucination involving the perception of being touched or of something being under one's skin. The most common tactile hallucinations are the sensation of electric shocks and formication (the sensation of something creeping or crawling under or on ones skin).
hallucination involving sight, which may consist of formed images, such as of people, or of unformed images, such as flashes of light Visual hallucinations should be distinguished from illusions, which are a misperceptions of rela external stimuli.