Another name for the GI Tract; it contains the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum & anus. These organs directly process & digest food.
Salivary glands, Liver, Gallbladder, & Pancreas; These organs NEVER touch food directly, but they release various enzymes & fluids to help the digestion process
Process by which food/fluid enters the mouth
Process by which nutrients are taken into the small intestine
Process by which indigestible material is removed from the digestive tract
Front teeth of the mouth; they are responsible for biting
Also known as Bicuspids, these teeth have sharp, pointy edges that tear food
Premolars (Cuspids) & Molars
Teeth found near the back of the mouth that help to grind food
The protective white covering on the crown of the tooth
The upper portion of the tooth that is exposed above the gum
The lower portion of the tooth that is connected to the jawbone below the gum
The secondary layer of the tooth, deep to the enamel
The fleshy part of the tooth that contains nerve endings and blood vessels
The piece of tissue that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth
Salivary glands found under the tongue
Salivary glands found under the jaw
Salivary glands found near the cheek/ear
The food tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
The ball of food formed after it is chewed by the teeth and mixed with saliva
The piece of cartilage that closes over the trachea when swallowing to prevent food from "going down the wrong pipe"
Series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food through the digestive tract (mainly the esophagus and intestines)
Muscle that connects the esophagus and stomach, and helps keep the stomach contents in the stomach
Portion of the stomach that surrounds the opening
Portion of the stomach that is found to the left of the cardia
Body of the Stomach
Portion of the stomach that is found in the center of the stomach, below the Fundus
Narrow, inferior region of the stomach
Large gastric folds inside the stomach that smooth out when the stomach fills with food so it can stretch
Pasty fluid that is a combination of partially digested food and gastric juice
The muscle that slowly releases chyme from the stomach into the small intestine
1st part of the small intestines that attach to the stomach
Midsection of the small intestine
Last part of the small intestine that attaches to the large intestines
Fingerlike projectsion inside the tube of the small intestine that further increase surface area
Microscopic projections found on the villi of the small intestines
The thin tissue on the outside of the small intestine that connects the digestive system with the cardiovascular system; it is filled with blood vessels to carry the absorbed nutrients into the bloodstream
Part of the digestive system responsible for absorbing the nutrients that are in food
Digestive organ that is responsible for temporarily storing food and mixing it with gastric juices to break it down
Digestive organ that is responsible for removing all of the indigestible material from the digestive system, as well as re-absorbing water and making Vitamin K
Digestive organ that MAKES bile, in addition to filtering the blood, storing various Vitamins & Minerals, and regulating blood components
Digestive organ that regulates the hormones Insulin and Glucagon
Digestive organ that STORES bile until it is needed by the small intestine
Specialized cells in the liver that make bile
Storage form of glucose
Specialized cells in the pancreas that secrete pancreatic juice
Pancreatic Islets (Islets of Langerhans)
Specialized cells in the pancreas that secrete Insulin & Glucagon
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