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Arts and Humanities
Film and TV
Terms in this set (83)
esthetically challenging, non-commercial films that consciously reflect on how human senses and consciousness work or experiment with different forms and techniques
films that explore film form and subject matter in new and unconventional ways
industrial practices of the large production
employing on or more well-known actors to build up the film's expectations and help promote the movie
the individual credited with the creative vision defining a film; implies director whose unique style is apparent across their work
Film cuts from one sequence of action to another related sequence of action
Hero reaches goal while establishing a relationship or just parallel stories (may never converge)
focuses more on mental than physical
Recurring subject, theme idea
A traditional story often concerning the history of people or explaining a phenomenon and typically involving supernatural beings.
voice that originates from a speaker who can be inferred to be present in the scene but is not visible onscreen
sound that is not strictly diegetic/non such as voiceovers construed as thoughts
an instance in a soundtrack when it reinforces the image such as synchronized dialogue, sound effects, or a voiceover consistent with what is seen onscreen.
using sound to indicate a different meaning or association than the image
category or classification of a group of films in which the individual films share similar subject matter and similar ways of organizing through narrative and stylistic patterns
genre popular since the introduction of sound that typically features characters who act out or express their emotions through song and dance; plots are interrupted or driven forward by musical numbers
Refers to the world of the film, including what is not seen but is implied to be taking place
theatrical, literary, and cinematic narrative mode that is often centered on individual crises within the confines of family and other larger social institutions. Frequently characterized by identifiable moral types, reversals of fortune, coincidences, and use of music to underscore actions
automated dialogue replacement
a system of ideas or ideals (regarded as perfect)
recurring element that has symbolic significance
portion of the filmed subject that appears within the border of the frame
Attached to the camera or added optically so portions of the frame are cut off and black
implied space outside the frame
Shot directed at a downward angle (from above)
Depth of Field
the range or distance before and behind the main focus of a shot
A shot in which multiple planes within a frame are in focus
Only a narrow range is in focus
a shot that changes the position of the POV by moving forward, backward, or around the camera
Created through mechanical means (on set explosions, slow motion, filters) Visual Effects are digital
FPS but also sensitivity to light
Lens with a short focal length that allows cinematographers to explore depth of field that can show foreground and background in focus at the same time
A lens with a special focal length of atleast 75 mm, capable of magnifying and flattening distant objects
Medium long shot (from ankles or knees up)
The selecting and joining of film footage and shots
Has come to indicate a style that emphasizes the breaks and contrasts between images joined by a cut. In Hollywood it is a rapid passing of time.
AKA parallel cutting
Institutionalized system of Hollywood that uses transitions to establish verisimilitude, to construct a coherent time and space, and to tell stories clearly and efficiently. Each shot has a relationship to the next.
a shot during an edited sequence that returns to the establishing shot to restore an objective view to the spectator
Axis of Action
180 degree rule
30 Degree Rule
A shot should only be followed by another shot taken from a position greater that 30 degrees than that of the first.
Switch between sides of the 180 degree line
Match on Action
a cut between two shots featuring a similar visual action (opening a door)
Long shot, whole scene in one take
Establishes spatial and temporal clarity by breaking down a scene, often using progressively tighter framings that maintain consistent spatial relations
Genre that features characters who live on the edge of a mysterious or violent society. Often have ambiguous resolutions.
Alternative practices that call attention to the cut through spatial tension, temporal jumps, rhythmic, or graphic patter the affect viscerally, disorient, or intellectually engage the viewer.
Innovated by Freud. Theoretical tenets developed by literary and film critics to facilitate the cultural study of texts and between viewers and texts.
A term that refers to our sense of being inserted in a specific place in the film.
Confront middle-class assumptions about normality using the powers of film to manipulate time, space, and material objects according to a dream-like state
Things occurring faster than they would in real time (cutting out parts of a routine)
Moment of the mirror phase
Desire to see
Kicks us out of the story
To put on stage. Elements that exist independently from filming and editing.
place where the action and events occur
constructed setting (can combine natural and constructed elements)
Object that functions as part of the set or is used by the actor
Actor's use of language, physical expression, and gesture to bring a character to life and communicate its important dimensions
main source of non-natural lighting
distribution of evenly diffused light through a scene as a lighting base
highlighting technique that illuminates from behind, often creating a halo
Use key lighting, fill lighting, and backlighting (common in Hollywood)
lighting that may appear to come from a natural source and defines and shapes the character, object, or shape illuminated
side lighting, under lighting, top lighting
light is even (ratio between key and fill is high)
Shows strong contrast
high contrast lighting style
diffused, low contrast
describes dramatic high-contrast lighting that emphasizes shadows. Frequently used in German Expressionism and Film Noir
more theatrical than cinematic, seen as audience watching the stage. Stationary characters, actors as set.
repeating a shot
Intelectual legacy that fostered and informed, discriminating, and heavily politicized film culture.
arrangement and movement within a miss-en-scene
use of shadows to shape and draw attention to certain features
French New Wave
came to prominence in France 1950-1960 in opposition to conventional studio system. Designates films by a group of young writer-directors involved as critics with Cahiers du Cinema. The films were often low-budget, young actors, shot on location, unconventional sound and editing patterns, and addressed struggle for personal expression
An edit that interrupts a particular action and intentionally or unintentionally creates discontinuity in the spacial or temporal development of shots
First of series of radical experiments with film form from 1920-39. Aimed to destabilize familiar or objective ways of seeing and revitalize dynamic of human perception
Began in Italy during WWII until 1952 depicting everyday social realities using location and amateur actors as opposition to glossy studio look
Film associated with a country
French Poetic Realism
Shadowed rise and fall of popular left. Heavy emphasis on muse-en-scene so it is hyper-stylized and matched with poetic symbolism within narrative. Characterized by fatalism and symbolic lighting.
diversion of people from their homelands
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