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Texas Government 2306 - Exam 3

Texas Government 2306 - NCTC
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Fiscal policy is a public policy which concerns what area?

A. Taxing
B. Government spending
C. Public Debt
D. Management of government money
E. All of the above
Fiscal policy is a public policy which concerns what area?

E. All of the above

Fiscal policy covers taxing, govt spending, public debt and management of govt money.
T or F

Texas government adopts a biennial budget.
TRUE

Since the legislation only meets biennial, they must adopt a budget which covers the two years.
The Comptroller certified how much in the 2013-2015 Budget?

A. $150 Billion
B. $101 Billion
C. $208 Billion
D. $112 Billion
The Comptroller certified how much in the 2013-2015 Budget?

C. $208 Billion

There was $101 Billion identified for General Purpose spending
$112 Billion is the Federal Funding in the 2013 Budget.
T or F

Texas has a pay as you go government spending program.
TRUE

Texas has a pay as you go government spending program which requires a balanced budget.

The comptroller certifies the biennial income.
What is required in each chamber to override the comptrollers certified income amount?

A. 2/3 approval and a new revenue source
B. Majority approval and a new revenue source
C. 4/5 approval and a new revenue source
D. Only the governor has the power to override.
What is required in each chamber to override the comptrollers certified income amount?

C. 4/5 approval and a new revenue source
T or F

Texas Income Tax is the majority of income for the state.
FALSE

Texas does not have a state income tax.
Which best describes Texas?

A. Low Service, Low Tax state
B. High Service, High Tax state
C. Low Service, High Tax state
D. High Service, Low tax state
Which best describes Texas?

A. Low Service, Low Tax state

Texas has low taxes because we do not have high service, such as police, etc... If Texas wants more services, we will need to raise taxes.
Compared to other states, Texas has a relatively _______ property and sales tax?

A. Low
B. High
C. Average
Compared to other states, Texas has a relatively _______ property and sales tax?


B. High

Texas is the 10th highest sales tax (6.25%) in the nation, property taxes are high due to no income tax.
T or F

Texans pay less taxes compared to people in most other states.
TRUE

State taxes per capita rank texas #48
Local Taxes at #13
Overall, Texas ranks #32 in taxes.
which of the following has not consistently experienced state funding cuts over the past three decades?

A. Transportation
B. Health and Human Services
C. Oil and Gas
D. Educations
which of the following has not consistently experienced state funding cuts over the past three decades?

B. Health and Human Services

Education has gone down and transportation has gone down.
Which of the following is the top revenue source for the sate of Texas?

A. Oil and Gas
B. Income Tax
C. Sales Tax
D. Sin Tax
Which of the following is the top revenue source for the sate of Texas?

C. Sales Tax

Sales tax is the largest money generator in Texas, however since 1989 texans are spending less. The more money we spend the more the state can spend.
T or F

Second to sales tax, federal funding is the other source of highest revenue funding in TX.
TRUE


federal funding is the other source of highest revenue funding in TX.
Tax on business charted or organized in Texas and doing business in Texas.

A. Income Tax
B. Sales Tax
C. Severance Tax
D. Franchise Tax
Tax on business charted or organized in Texas and doing business in Texas.

D. Franchise Tax

Franchise Tax is a tax on businesses charted or organized in Texas and doing business in Texas.
Where does Severance Tax revenue come from?

A. Getting fired from a job.
B. The tax paid after an inheritance
C. Tax levied on natural resources
D. Manufacture and sales of a particular item
Where does Severance Tax revenue come from?

C. Tax levied on natural resources

Severance Tax comes from Oil and Gas and is the tax levied on natural resources at teh time they are taken from the land or water.
Tax levied on the manufacture, transportation, sale or consumption of a particular item or items.

A. Non Tax Revenue
B. Excise Tax
C. General Tax
D. Franchise Tax
Tax levied on the manufacture, transportation, sale or consumption of a particular item or items.

B. Excise Tax

The Excise Tax is a tax on a good. 10% of state revenue are excise taxes.
Sales tax is expected to increase by ___% in the 2013-2015 budget?

A. 15.4 %
B. 9%
C. 2.6%
D. 6.25%
Sales tax is expected to increase by ___% in the 2013-2015 budget?

B. 9%

B. 9%

The 15.4% was the federal per capita spending increase between the 1992 and 2012 Budget
The 2.6% was how much state spending declined between 1992 and 2012
6.25% is the amount of sales tax revenue goes to the state.
T or F

Lottery revenue is a dedicated fund.
FALSE

Lottery revenue is only 2.2% of state revenue.

Only .27 cents per one dollar goes to Foundation School Fund program.
T or F

Federal grants-in-aid is a non tax revenue for Texas.
TRUE

Federal grants in aid is a non tax revenue in Texas. Accounts for $47Billion in Revenue
The non tax revenue of $18 Billion from the tobacco suit windfall was paid:

A. In one payment
B. Over 15 Years
C. Over 25 Years
D. Texas never sued the tobacco companies
The non tax revenue of $18 Billion from the tobacco suit windfall was paid:

C. Over 25 Years
The following are all examples of non tax revenues, but __________.

A. Automotive permits
B. Sale of Liquor, Beer, Cigarrettes
C. Motor vehicle sales tax
D. Investment Income
E. Bingo
The following are all examples of non tax revenues, but __________.

E. Bingo - Bing falls under Gambling and is taxed at 5%



A, B, and C, all fall under Fees and Permits of non taxable income and accounts for $6 Billion.
A. Automotive permits - B. Sale of Liquor, Beer, Cigarrettes C. Motor vehicle sales tax

D. Investment Income - Provides less than 3 % of general revenue
Texas biennial budget is adopted:

A. 2nd Tuesday in November
B. 2nd Tuesday in January
C. 2nd Tuesday in April
D. 2nd Tuesday in March
Texas biennial budget is adopted:

B. 2nd Tuesday in January
Who certifies the Texas biennial budget?

A. Governor
B. Comptroller
C. Lt Governor
D. Legislation
Who certifies the Texas biennial budget?

B. Comptroller

Comptroller certifies the biennial budget.
The governor only can line item veto specific spending bills
The House and Senate Adopt the budget
T or F

According to the Texas Constitution, Texas will not spend more than 1% on poor children and their caretakers.
TRUE

The Welfare Spending Limit Article III, Section 51a, states Texas will not spend more than 1% on poor children and their caretakers.
Fund used to stabilize state finance when revenue is sufficient to cover state-supported programs.

A. PUF
B. Rainy Day Fund
C. General Fund
D. Investment Income
Fund used to stabilize state finance when revenue is sufficient to cover state-supported programs.

B. Rainy Day Fund

The Rainy Day Fund is simply a savings account, which receives funds from Oil and Gas collections, unused General funds, any additional funds committed by Legislature.
City level which has 5,000 residents is known as ____________?

A. General-Law
B. Home Rule
C. Unincorporated
D. Corporated
City level which has 5,000 residents is known as ____________?

B. Home Rule

Home Rule cities are governed by a charter adopted, amended, or repealed by residents. To become home rule you must have at least 5,000 residents
City level which has 201-5000 residents is known as ____________?

A. General-Law
B. Home Rule
C. Unincorporated
D. Corporated
City level which has 201-5000 residents is known as ____________?

A. General-Law

General Law cities have at least 201 and no more than 5,000 residents and are governed by a charter following state law.
City level which has under 201 residents is known as ____________?

A. General-Law
B. Home Rule
C. Unincorporated
D. Corporated
City level which has under 201 residents is known as ____________?

C. Unincorporated

Unincorporated town are under 201 residents, unincorporated, no city government, they are subject to county and state laws.
Form of municipal government, which is most popular for large, American cities, but used by only two Texas cities; Houston and El Paso.

A. Strong Mayor-Council
B. Weak Mayor-Council
C. Council-Manager
D. None of the Above.
Form of municipal government, which is most popular for large, American cities, but used by only two Texas cities; Houston and El Paso.

A. Strong Mayor-Council

Mayor has appointive, removal, budgetary , and veto authority.
Form of municipal government, which is generally in small cities

A. Strong Mayor-Council
B. Weak Mayor-Council
C. Council-Manager
D. None of the Above.
Form of municipal government, which is generally in small cities

B. Weak Mayor-Council

Weak Mayor-Council have Legislative and Administrative functions. Mayor is a co-equal with council members.
Form of municipal government, which City manager is appointed and implements policy.

A. Strong Mayor-Council
B. Weak Mayor-Council
C. Council-Manager
D. None of the Above.
Form of municipal government, which City manager is appointed and implements policy.

C. Council-Manager

Most popular for home-rule cities in Texas. Mayor and council are co-equals in adopting policy. The City manager is appointed and implements policy.
T or F

Municipal Elections are Partisan elections.
FALSE

Municipal elections are Nonpartisan. The ballot does not list candidates political party.

Rule:
County and above are partisan, so anything below county elections are nonpartisan.
T or F

At Large elections is when all voters in the city vote for the official, such as Mayor.
TRUE

At-Large elections all voters int he city vote for the official, such as the Mayor and the Council members in smaller cities.
Texas has _____ counties?

A. 354
B. 254
C. 154
D. None of the Above
Texas has _____ counties?

B. 254

Texas has 254 counties which are diverse in people and size.
Examples:
Dallas County 2.3 Million
Denton County 578,000
Somervell County 4,800
Loving County 82
County officials are elected in a ____________ election?

A. Partisan
B. Non-Partisan
County officials are elected in a ____________ election?

A. Partisan

Remember the Rule:
County and Above are Partisan, So Below County is Non-Partisan elections.
T or F

The Legislative branch of the County Government is the Commissioners Court.
TRUE

The legislative branch of the county government is the commissioners court.
There are how many commissioners elected to the commissioners court?

A. 3
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
There are how many commissioners elected to the commissioners court?

C. 5

There are 5 elected commissioners. 1 County Judge and 4 Commissioners. Every county has a commissioners court.
What is not a function of the Commissioners Court?

A. Adopts County budget and sets tax rate
B. Maintains public records
C. Provides public facilities, such as jails
D. maintains county roads and bridges
E. Administers and finances elections
What is not a function of the Commissioners Court?

B. Maintains public records

The County Clerk maintains public records, not the commissioners court.
T or F

The County Judge presides over the commissioners court.
TRUE

In addition to residing over the commissioners court, in Rural counties with a population less than 50,000, the judge may also have judicial function and administrative responsibility for some agencies.
The Chief law-enforcement official of a county is?

A. District Attorney
B. County Judge
C. Sheriff
D. County Clerk
The Chief law-enforcement official of a county is?

C. Sheriff

The County Sheriff is the chief law-enforcement official and maintains the county jail.
Single function government unit that services a specific group of people in a particular geographic area?

A. School District
B. Special District
C. Regional Councils
D. Commissioners Court
Single function government unit that services a specific group of people in a particular geographic area?

B. Special District
T or F

School Districts are an example of a Special District.
TRUE

School Districts - Public Schools and Junior and Community Colleges are special districts.
T or F

Special Districts has the power to tax.
TRUE

Special Districts have the power to tax.
Regional planning boards comprised mostly of elected officials, that try to coordinate efforts of local governments.

A. School Board of Trustees
B. Special Boards
C. FEMA
D. Texas Association of Regional Councils
Regional planning boards comprised mostly of elected officials, that try to coordinate efforts of local governments.

D. Texas Association of Regional Councils

Texas Association of Regional Councils also known as Councils of Governments (COGs).

Deal with issues relevant to several local governments.
Federal Mandates, employment and training, emergency management, transportation, economic Developement.
T or F

All cities have a City Manager.
FALSE
The state sales tax is?

A. 8.25%
B. 2.25%
C. 6.25%
D. 1.25%
The state sales tax is?

C. 6.25%
Where does Texas spend the largest amount of state dollars?

A. Transportation
B. Education
C. Health and Human Services
D. Welfare
Where does Texas spend the largest amount of state dollars?

B. Education
Gas Tax can only be used for?

A. Education and Transportation
B. Permanent University Fund
C. Rainy Day Fund
D. Health and Human Services
Gas Tax can only be used for?

A. Education and Transportation
Texas is regarded as providing a _____ level of government services while having a ______ rate of taxation.

A. High; High
B. High; Low
C. Moderate; High
D. Low; Low
Texas is regarded as providing a _____ level of government services while having a ______ rate of taxation.

D. Low; Low
What is the consequence of the requirement that the comptroller must certify that all bills proposed in the legislature are within available budget projections?

A. Texas has a pay-as-you-go limit to its budget process.
B. The governor plays no role in the budget process
C. An automatic tax increase is triggered if the sate spends more than the current revenue.
D. The appointment of the comptroller by the Speaker of the House is extremely consequential.
What is the consequence of the requirement that the comptroller must certify that all bills proposed in the legislature are within available budget projections?

A. Texas has a pay-as-you-go limit to its budget process.
The responsibility for preparing an initial draft of the budget belongs to

A. The governor; Texas has an executive budget system
B .Both the governor and legislature; Texas has a dual budget system.
C. The Legislative Budget Board; Texas has a bureaucratic budget system.
D. The Speaker of the House and the LT Gov.; Texas has a leaders budget system.
The responsibility for preparing an initial draft of the budget belongs to

B .Both the governor and legislature; Texas has a dual budget system.
The Legislative Budget Board (LBB) was created by a 1949 law to

A. Recommend appropriations for all agencies of state government.
B. Provide an estimate of the state's biennial revenues
C. Implement the state's new welfare program
D. lobby the federal government for more grants-in-aid to the state.
The Legislative Budget Board (LBB) was created by a 1949 law to

A. Recommend appropriations for all agencies of state government.
One way to reduce the regressive nature of the Texas tax system would be to

A. implement a flat tax
B. increase the motor fuels tax
C. eliminate the oil production and regulation tax
D. implement a state income tax
One way to reduce the regressive nature of the Texas tax system would be to

D. implement a state income tax
Federal funds are the ____ largest source of revenue for Texas

A. 1st
B. 2nd
C. 5th
D. 10th
Federal funds are the ____ largest source of revenue for Texas

B. 2nd
Health and Human services are the ____ largest state expenditure for Texas.

A. Single
B. 2nd
C. 5th
D. 10th
Health and Human services are the ____ largest state expenditure for Texas.

A. Single
Public Education is the ____ largest source of expenditures for Texas.

A. Single
B. Second
C. Fourth
D. Seventh
Public Education is the ____ largest source of expenditures for Texas.

B. Second
The General Revenue Funds budget is for

A. nondedicated revenue that functions as the state's primary operating fund.
B. funds for dedicated revenues that target money at specific purposes
C. all grants, payments, and reimbursements received from the federal government by state agencies and institutions.
D. all monies flowing into the state treasure aggregated from the different specific budgets
The General Revenue Funds budget is for

A. nondedicated revenue that functions as the state's primary operating fund.
As a result of the trust funds and other direct funds in the state budget,

A. the U.S. Congress actually dictates about two-thirds of the Texas state budget.
B. the governor controls most of the state budget process
C. most of the funds in the state budget lie outside the direct control of the legislature.
D. the Legislative Budget Board (LBB) is the de facto final word on the Texas budget.
As a result of the trust funds and other direct funds in the state budget,

B. the governor controls most of the state budget process
Compared to most other sates, the sales tax rate (6.25%) in Texas

A. is one of the highest in the country
B. is about the same as in most other states.
C. is lower than in most northern states, but similar to the rate in other southern states.
D. is one of the lowest in the country
Compared to most other sates, the sales tax rate (6.25%) in Texas

A. is one of the highest in the country.
Aside from the Great Recession, what was the other major cause of the financial shortfall faced by the 2011 state legislature?

A. federal welfare spending requirements
B. The sudden drop in oil production in the state
C. the aging of the baby boomer population
D. property tax reform
Aside from the Great Recession, what was the other major cause of the financial shortfall faced by the 2011 state legislature?

D. property tax reform
State agencies create their own strategic plan to

A. inform the governor of their budget needs for each two-year period.
B. address shortfalls in their budget that can be caused by bad economic times
C. determine what federal grants are available to them.
D. provide the information the Legislative Budget Board needs to make funding recommendations.
State agencies create their own strategic plan to

D. provide the information the Legislative Budget Board needs to make funding recommendations.
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