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the ball joint portion of the lower jaw. (TMJ)


the posterior part of the mandible that is more or less vertical

Coronoid process

a thin, triangular eminence

Mandibular notch

groove between the condyle and the coronoid process. It allows the passage of the masseteric nerve (a branch of the mandibular nerve

Angle of the mandible

The lower posterior of the ramus.

Alveolar process

The portion of jaw that the roots of the teeth are embedded. Bone that holds tooth in socket.

Mental foramen

two small openings near the front of the mandible for the passage of the mental nerve/ blood vessels. (shot will numb lip)

Body of the mandibler

The horizontal portion of the lower jaw.

Mandibular foramen

An opening on the internal surface of the ramus where the inferior alveolar nerve and inferior alveolar artery enter.

Inferior alveolar nerve

enters mandibular canal; is the 3rd branch (V3) of the trigeminal nerve; exits mental foramen. (shot will numb lip)

Retromolar area

The space behind last molar on the mandible

Greater palatine foramen

openings in the palatine bone, palatine nerve and vessels pass

Incisive foramen

opening in the midline bone of the oral hard palate where blood vessels and nerves may pass.

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