20 terms

Founding of Georgia Vocabulary

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Charter of 1731
the document that formally established the colony of Georgia; outlines the reasons for Georgia's founding and the regulations set up by the trustees
Debtor
someone who owed more money to creditors than they had. In 18th Century England, creditors could have those who owed them money that could not pay it back immediately placed in debtor's prisons. James Oglethorpe had a friend who died in a debtors' prison and fought for prison reform in England.
defense
one of the reasons for Georgia's founding. Georgia was meant to defend South Carolina against Spanish attacks from Florida
economics
one of the three reasons for Georgia's founding. The English hoped that Georgia would be able to produce wine, rice, silk, and indigo.
indigo
plant used to produce a blue dye
mulberry trees
used in the production of silk. The silk worms were placed on the trees and used the leaves as food. The Georgia colonists were required to set aside a portion of their land to grow the trees.
Savannah
The first capital of Georgia; founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe.
trustee
An individual or organization that holds or manages and invests assets for the benefit of another. A group of 21 men who established the colony of Georgia. Of the group, only one, James Oglethorpe, came to the colony.
trustee period
the time period when Georgia was governed by the trustees. The trustees created many regulations during the time period, including a ban on slavery, liquor and liquor dealers, lawyers, and Catholics.
philanthrophy
one of the three reasons for Georgia's founding. James Oglethorpe and the trustees hoped to bring debtors and England's "worthy poor" to the colony to begin new lives. However, no debtor was ever released from debtors' prison to come to Georgia. At one time, the term charity was used.
WRIST crops
crops produced in the Georgia colony: wine, rice, indigo, silk, and tobacco.
Darien
town established by the Highland Scots.
buffer colony
one of three reasons for Georgia's founding; colony was to serve as a defensive buffer between Spanish Florida and the successful English colony of South Carolina.
malcontents
a group of colonists who complained about the trustee regulations for the Georgia colony; primary complaint was the ban on slavery and rum. Eventually the malcontents got their way as liquor and slavery were allowed in Georgia in the 1750's.
Salzburgers
a group of Protestants from Austria who were invited to settle in Georgia due to religious persecution they were experiencing in Europe; established the towns of Ebenezer and New Ebenezer; were some of the most successful colonists.
Ebenezer/New Ebenezer
towns established by the Salzburgers.
Highland Scots
from the Highlands of Scotland and known as some of the best fighters in Europe in the 1700's. James Oglethorpe brought a group to Georgia to serve as soldiers for the colony. The Highland Scots founded the town of Darien.
Mary Musgrove
Creek Indian woman who served as the translator for James Oglethorpe and Yamacraw Chief Tomochichi.
James Oglethorpe
one of the 21 members of the trustees who established Georgia; only trustee to come to the colony and served as the de facto military and governmental leader of the colony.
Tomochichi
was the Chief of the Yamacraw Indians. Tomochichi befriended James Oglethorpe and allowed him to establish the colony of Georgia on Yamacraw territory.