Humanities

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

subject
the focus of the painting/the central image or main topic in a work of art
context
the influence of time, place, and ideas on a work
landscape
still life
portrait
abstract
Elements of Art
Line, Shape, form, color, value, space, and texture. The building blocks the artist works with to create an artwork.
Principles of Design
Unity, variety, emphasis, rhythm, movement, balance, pattern, and proportion. The effects that may result when the art elements are structured to achieve a successful composition.
Line
drawn with a pointed instrument ; the path that a point makes through space
Space
the distance among or between shapes
postive space
the enclosed areas or objects in an art work
negative space
empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms
the name of a color
hue
intensity
The brightness or dullness of a object
value
The lightness or darkness of a color
primary colors
red, yellow, blue
secondary colors
orange, green, violet
tertiary colors
yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green, yellow-green
complementary colors
colors opposite each other on the color wheel red/green
orange/blue
yellow/purple
analogous colors
colors that are next to each other on the color wheel
monochrome color
one color or limited range of colors
polychrome colors
many colors
Texture
surface quality of objects
shape
an area determined by boundaries say a line that encloses a space on a piece of paper
geometric shapes
organic shapes
curvature, less rigid
2 kinds of sculpture
free standing and relief sculpture
free standing sculpture
you can walk around it
relief sculpture
where the form projects out of the plane
bas-relief sculpture
a very shallow relief sculpture
open forms
because it leads the eye outward
closed forms
because the eye is drawn back into the figure
additive
adding more art
subtractive
taking away art
casting
heat formed art ; additive
installation art
invites people to view the art
vault
a curved ceiling that spans a given space
dome
a rounded vault forming the roof of a building or structure, typically with a circular base.
pier buttresses
these forms reinforce the heavy walls of the facade and nave of the church
buttress
(v.) to support, prop up, strengthen; (n.) a supporting structure
flying buttress
a buttress that stands apart from the main structure and connected to it by an arch
Cantilever
a rigid structural element anchored at only one end to a support from which it is protruding
spire
is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of building often a sky scraper or church tower
contrast
difference between elements in a work of art
emphasis
the elements in a work of art to make one part dominant
Rhythm
similar elements repeated to produce a sense of motion
movement
creating a path that guides the viewers eye through the path
bilateral symmetry
the figure looks the same on both sides when cut in half
Radial Balance
elements arranged from a central point in the work
patterns
elements over and over again
unity
the wholeness or oneness that is achieved through the effective use of elements
low relief
the form does not stick out very far
high relief
the form sticks out far
linear
made of wire or other materials and acts as a mobile
post & lintel construction
built with two posts or vertical stones with a horizontal stone on top
pyramids
built with dry joint block construction and were used as tombs
four parts to a greek temple
stepped foundation - foundation that is built up off the ground
columns - vertical structures that support the entablature - rectangular structure that sits on top of the columns
pediment - triangular structure that tops a temple
dome of the rock
building in Jerusalem that houses a sacred rock
the Hagia Sophia
a great representation of dome and arch configuration
Radial Balance
texture
organic shapes
asymmetrical balance
complimentary colors
form
movement
value
emphasis
contrast
variety

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.