Terms in this set (12)
Causes vary but include damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth
Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
A gap in the upper lip or roof of the mouth that causes problems with eating, swallowing, speech, and appearance
Affects the respiratory and digestive systems, Many die before adulthood, although treatment now allows sufferers to live longer
The presence of an extra chromosome 21
All involve a progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles.
condition in which the body is unable to process and use a specific protein present in nearly all foods.
Sickle Cell Anemia
Malformed red blood cells interfere with the supply of oxygen to all parts of the body. Symptoms include tiredness, lack of appetite, and pain. Can lead to early death
an incompletely formed spinal cord may lead to stiff joints, partial paralysis, and problems with kidneys and urinary tract
Caused by the lack of a specific chemical in the baby's blood. The body cannot process and use certain fats. This leads to severe brain damage and death, usually by age four
An incurable condition found in some children of mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy
A vitamin necessary for the spinal development in the fetus. Pregnant women should have twice the normal amount
Alcohol, caffeine, illegal drugs, over-the-counter drugs, prescription drugs, nicotine, tobacco, x-rays, inhalants, fish from the ocean, paint, pesticides, lead, carbon monoxide, soft cheeses, deli meat
All of these are considered environmental hazards or harmful to consume to a pregnant woman and her unborn fetus
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