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Intermediate Discuss Items
Terms in this set (58)
T-6A TYPE / EQUIPMENT CODE
TEX 2/G = Texan 2 with GPS
-- Advanced RNAV with transponder and Mode C
-- GPS capability (Global Navigation Satellite System
Loading Flight Plan in GPS
GPS Enroute Procedures
RNAV/GPS Approach Procedures
Bingo/Divert Profile and Execution
VFR Landing Pattern
SOP: OVERWATER TRAINING FLIGHTS ARE PROHIBITED WHEN? (COMTRAWINGSSIXINST 3710.1N 3-3)
QOD: YOU'RE FLYING VFR IN ALASKA OVER A 17,000' MOUNTAIN AT 18,100', WHAT AIRSPACE ARE YOU IN? (FAR/AIM)
IOD: WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU GO IMC AFTER STARTING YOUR CIRCLING ON AN APPROACH?
QOD: Class G Airspace
IOD: Turn towards your approach runway, climb to the MSA, intercept the approach runway and execute climb out instructions.
EOD: TIRE FAILURE DURING TAKEOFF
-- If the decision is made to stop.
-- If takeoff is continued
2. Gear and flaps position - do not change
3. Straight in approach - execute
-- Land on side of runway corresponding to the good tire (put drag in the middle). Maintain directional control using rudder, brakes, and nose wheel steering as required.
VFR Landing Pattern 1
VFR Landing Pattern 2
85 knots Rotate
VFR Landing Pattern 3
110 Flaps Up
VFR Landing Pattern 4
set 120 Power 60-70%
VFR Landing Pattern 5
If tower has not given you "closed" pattern, call tower and request down wind. "___ Tower, KATT ___, request down wind"
Tower will say "Downwind approved" or give you other instuctions
VFR Landing Pattern 6
At 400 AGL start your turn downwind at 30 degree AOB, 120 Knot climb
VFR Landing Pattern 7
Before landing checklist (hold after brakes check)
VFR Landing Pattern 8
50 feet prior to pattern altitude set power at 31% and level off at pattern altitude
VFR Landing Pattern 9
Check wingtip spacing, should be 3/4. Where the blue meets the white on the leading edge
VFR Landing Pattern 10
Approaching abeam, "___ Tower, KATT ___, (180/left base), 3 down and locked, touch and go runway ___"
Tower will say something like "KATT ___, Winds are ___ at __, cleared for the option RWY ___"
SNFO: "KATT ___, cleared for the option RWY ___"
VFR Landing Pattern 11
At the abeam point start your 4 T's
Transition - 15%, Flaps T/O
Trim - 115 knots
Turn - 30 AOB turn
Talk - Gear down, Flaps TO, speed brake retracted, Before landing checklist complete
VFR Landing Pattern 12
In the turn scan your airspeed to make sure you're at 115 knots, your EADI for correct AOB and altitude. Start looking outside also to see how your turn is coming along.
VFR Landing Pattern 13
At the 90, you should be 1/2 the pattern altitude, 500 AGL is a good gouge number. At this point you should look outside more than inside and start intercepting the extended center-line (imaginary line that extends over the ground from runway)
VFR Landing Pattern 14
Put the airplane on the top of the extended centerline and point the nose of th eplane down the runway centerline and at the piano keys on the runway while crosschecking your airspeed
VFR Landing Pattern 15
On final slow down to 1-5 knots and once you feel the groun rush about 50' AGL, start your flare by taking a little power off and pulling a little on the stick, then again little power off and keep doing it until your wheels touch down.
The tendency is to start flaring too high and pull too much nose up so the airplane ends up climbing and getting slow, don't do that
VFR Landing Pattern 16
Once the wheel touch down go to step 1
SOP: AIRCREW (SHALL/SHOULD) MAKE EVERY EFFORT TO UTILIZE MILITARY AIRFIELDS DURING WEEKEND CROSS-COUNTRIES. (TRARONTENINST 3710.1W 4-1)
QOD: THE AIRCRAFT BASIC EMPTY WEIGHT IS APPROX. _____ POUNDS. MAX TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT IS ______ POUNDS.
IOD: FOR HOLDING, START SPEED REDUCTION WHEN THE AIRCRAFT IS _____ MINUTES OR LESS FROM A CLEARANCE LIMIT AND CLEARANCE BEYOND THE FIX HAS NOT BEEN RECIEVED. (NIFM 29-9)
QOD: Zero Fuel weight -- 5500; Max Takeoff -- 6500
IOD: 3-5 minutes
EOD: PMU OFF AIRSTART
-- If the PMU has malfunctioned or the PMU FAIL annunciator is illuminated. Conduct the airstart manually if inside the envelope.
-- In excess of 1200 feet
-- The prop will unfeather and accelerate to operating RPM approximately 20 seconds after N1 reaches 45%. Useful power will be available after 40 seconds from start engagement, with typical PCL advancement rate.
F4101: OPNAV 3710 Formation takeoff minimums & OPNAV 3710 Formation approach minimums
Circling minimums or 1,000 - 3
F4101: Any formation communication procedure
1. Switching to an ATC Frequency
-- Give a thumbs up when wingman can hear lead on the new Freq as lead checks in. No thumbs up required if wingman doesn't have sight of lead.
2. Switching to a tactical or safety of flight frequency
-- Switching to a frequency that isn't monitored by ATC requires a positive check in ex. MOA, CTAF, or Restricted area
3. Switching both radios at the same time
-- When this occurs input the new ATC frequency first, then the new tactical frequency. Check in with ATC then do a positive check in on the TAC freq.
F4101: Section Crew coordination
No later then 8-10 NM from the airport:
-- Bring the wingman into the proper parade position (Bring wingman in on the upwind side of the runway)
-- Slow the flight down
-- Configure the aircraft
Review Section Drag
F4101: Underrun (NFO responsibilities)
-- In the event Wing's aircraft becomes excessively acute, acute in close, or has an excessive closure rate resulting in an inability to execute a safe join-up, Wing shall discontinue the rendezvous and use the underrun procedure.
-- Any crewmember in the flight recognizing the need for an underrun can direct it by announcing, "Tactical call sign, underrun"
-- The wing SNFO will then state "Low, Level, Idle, Boards" over the ICS
-- Wing will pass below and behind Lead and then fly up to the "perch position". Located on the 3-9 line 4 plane widths abeam Lead and stepped up.
-- Lead will visually acquire wing and reply with "Raider 12 cleared back inside when stable"
-- Wingman will reply "Raider 12"
F4101: Section Management on instrument approach
F4101: Section missed approach procedures
-- In the even of a missed appraoch, the Wingman shall rejoin the lead aircraft in the configuratoin they were dropped off.
-- Once joined, the Lead shall smoothly increase power to arrest the sink rate and gradually rotate the nose to commence a climb
-- Lead should signal Wingman to stay aboard by patting his shoulder (same as parade signal)
-- Once a rate of climb is established, the Lead SNFO will report "aircraft's climbing" to the pilot.
-- The Lead SNFO will then dirct the "prepare to raise gear signal" to be followed by the pilot's head nod to signal both aircraft to simultaneously raise their gear and flaps.
-- Wing will give Lead a thumbs up to signal that his gear and flaps are up and they are ready to proceed past 150 KIAS
F4101: Section missed approach procedures II
-- Recovery as individual aircraft: Should the flight Lead determine that a section recovery is not desirable, for weather or any other reason, they have the option to split the formation for individual recoveries
-- Prior to detaching the Wingman under IFR control, Lead should coordinate his intentions with ATC to facilitate positive radar separation of the aircraft.
-- This call should include
1 - Wingman's new call sign
2 - Recovery intentions
3 - Which aircraft is to recover first (typically the aircraft with the lowest fuel state)
4 - Which side of the formation the Wingman is on
-- If recovering VFR, it is a good idea to coordinate recovery intentions (routing and airspeeds) in order to avoid overtaking one another during the recovery
F4102: Any formation EP and limitation
F4103: Section fuel management
F4103: Lost sight procedures (under IFR clearance)
F4103: Lead change
F4103: Individual clearances for departure
F4103: Individual clearances for recovery
F4103: SOP minimum landing interval
F4104: Any EP and any limitation
F4201: NAV/geographic rendezvous
Once airborne, Wingman will need to communicate to *+
F4201: Lost sight procedures (under VFR clearance)
F4201: Section tactical formation procedures
F4201: Tail-chase/pursuit curves
F4301: Low-altitude flight safety
Low Altitude Training Rules:
1 - Collision avoidance tasking takes priority over all mission tasking. No descending turns
2 - Minimum weather: 3,000 and 5 SM, must maintain VMC on route
3 - Pilot shall acknowledge all hazard calls and maneuver accordingly
4 - Any TAS warning shall be acknowledged by all aircrew
5 - Minimum ALT 1000' AGL on MTR's
6 - Any aircrew can call "knock it off" for any reason, and ALL aircraft shall acknowledge
7 - Knock it off shall be called for the following: training rule violation, NORDO/Loss of ICS, Loss of SA, Unsafe condition/emergency, Unscheduled aircraft on the route, weather below 300/5 or inadvertent IMC, departure, G-lock, overstress, and bird strike
9 - Following "knock it off" aircraft shall climb to or maintain a safe altitude and determine if the mission will be continued or aborted
F4301: Crew coordination for low-altitude operations
- Crew coordination is essential skill for any mission, but communication in the fast-paced, task-saturated, low-level environment needs to be clear and concise.
- Do not express units such as knots, feet, or psi unless there might be confusion
- Headings = 220 (two, two, zero)
- Airspeeds = 195 (one hundred ninety five)
- ETA = 03+25 (zero three plus two five)
- Do not sacrifice accuracy for brevity, but you are expected to start working toward this standard.
- Also, avoid pointing to features or using phrase "over there". Instead, use descriptive words and clock codes.
- Simple additions such as near, far, low mid or high can expedite a crewmember's visual search greatly.
- An ex. "The intersection is a 2 o'clock low, just right of the tower"
F4301: Wingman responsibilities on the MTR
- Make all two minute prior, MOT, and wings level calls
- Taking responsibility for de-confliction
- Fly 200 feet stepped up in Combat spread
- Back up lead on all calls, be prepared to take lead at anytime
- Never lose sight of lead
F4301: Target attack abort parameters
- Should the need arise to abort the route for weather, the flight shall" initially turn 180 degrees to avoid the weather and then climb off the route
- If weather cannot be avoided, both aircraft will begin a max power climb to route abort altitude and lead will squawk (7700). both aircraft should check away from each other.
-- Minimum Safe Altitude within 350 miles of NPA is 3,200 feet.
-- Lead will climb to 3,200 feet MSL and Wing will climb to 3,700 feet MSL.
-- Lead will switch the flight to an appropriate ATC frequency on PRI, and begin coordinating IFR clearances for both aircraft.
F4302: Any EP and any limitation
F4303: Real-world strike planning and execution and timing control using real-world time
SOP: WHEN SHALL A G-WARM UP MANEUVER BE CONDUCTED? (COMTRAWINGSIXINST 3710.1)
EOD: FIRE WARNING ON THE GROUND
QOD: OIL LEVEL MUST BE SERVICED WITHIN _____ MINUTES OF ENGINE SHUTDOWN.
IOD: WHAT DOES THE TRIANGLE "T" DELINEATE ON AN INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE? (APPROACH PLATE LEGEND)
SOP: Anytime you are expected to pull more than 3 Gs, before entering a VNAV/Low level route, or anytime you're expecting to perform dynamic maneuvers
EOD: PCL - Off; Firewall shutoff handle pull; Emergency ground egress as required
QOD: 30 minutes (best results 15-20 minutes)
T-6 IOD: Takeoff mins not standard and or departure procedures are published.
Fire Warning on the Ground
The primary indications of an engine fire are illumination of the FIRE and MASTER WARN annunciators.
Other indications of an engine fire are visual smoke or fire, engine indications (high ITT, fluctuating or high fuel flow), and notification from exterior sources such as ground crew, tower, or another aircrew.
When evidence of a fire exists during start or other ground operations, perform the Emergency Engine Shutdown On the Ground Procedures and Emergency Ground Egress if applicable.
Final Check Ride: Any previous discuss item, any EP, and any limitation
Formation Safety Rules:
1 - All tactical turns shall be thoroughly briefed. All turns are assumed to be level
2 - Wingman is responsible for de-confliction/collision avoidance
3 - Without visual, call "blind" immediately. Other aircraft will respond with relative position or ownship altitude if also "blind"
4 - Minimum formation airspeed is 180 KIAS
F4003: Shift Pop Attack
-- A shift pop attack is a tactic that enables a section to create separation by time between the two attacking aircraft in order to prosecute the same target.
-- The separation between aircraft allows for the fragmentation avoidance from the explosion of the first aircraft's attack.
-- Lead's attack give the added benefit of identifying the target area for the Wing aircraft, which allows the Wing to adjust his aim off of Lead's hits.
- The attack commit point will be planned 10 NM from the target. At 10 NM Lead SNFO will direct
1. Lead SNFO "Dutch Attack"
2. Wing SNFO "Dutch 12"
- Both SNFOs will then complete Air-to-ground check
(1) Set EHSI NAV mode to GPS with the #2 needle selected to GPS.
(2) Review the Z diagram info for the pilot. Number of degrees nose up, apex altitude, dive angle, and planned release altitude. ex (20 up to 2,000, 10 down to 1,500)
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