HRD Exam Prep
Human Relationship Development Test Prep
Terms in this set (46)
What does open communication between parents and children about sex is correlate with?
Delayed or limited sexual activity
Who developed the 7 point continuum to characterize sexual orientation?
Concordance rate for gay individuals
4 phases of the sexual response cycle
1. Excitement Phase
2. Plateau Phase
3. Orgasm Phase
4. Resolution Phase
What do greater sexual satisfaction and satisfaction in the relationship come from?
What is the key predictor of occupational status?
Schooling/ Education Level
What job skill did the book cite as "increasingly important"
What is the "essential information" the book suggests you have when choosing a major or career path
1. Knowing what's involved in the job
2. Knowing your personality and how it would fit
Choosing a career based on what leads to greater happiness?
Meaning and purpose
6 Holland Types
Super's stages of development
College grads get higher paying jobs if they also have what skills?
Know what the "glass ceiling" is in the workplace.
Women and minorities who can see higher paying and higher up positions but cannot achieve them because of the "glass ceiling"
What is the medical model of abnormal behavior
When an abnormal behavior is associated with a psycho-social disorder and diagnosed medically
Three criteria for abnormal behavior
The difference between a compulsion and an obsession
Compulsion: Action or behavior/ rituals
Obsession: Reoccurring thoughts
GAD, Panic Disorder, Phobias, and OCD
GAD: Anxiety about everything
Panic disorder: Anxiety of having another panic attack
Phobias: Irrational fears
OCD: Obsessions which lead to compulsions
What are nerotransmitters?
Brain cells that send chemical messages
Thinks that people, i.e. the government, are out to get them or are following them, etc.
Their body is very rigid and they have random muscle ticks
Their thoughts and actions are everywhere
Not fully one of the other types. Miscellaneous category.
What did DID used to be called/ referred to?
Dissociate Identity Disorder used to be called multiple personality disorder
What is thought to be the root cause of DID
Stress and severe emotional trauma from childhood
Know the etiology of mood disorders
Neurotransmitters, Genetics, and Psycho social stressors
What is the main goal of behavior therapy?
Change maladaptive behavior by using conditioning or observational learning
Know the relationship between stress and anxiety.
Right before anxiety there is a high level of stress
What are the major approaches to therapy covered in the book?
What is free association?
Where you talk out loud and this is associated with insight therapies
What is transference?
Where you project your feelings onto your therapist.
The conditions that Rogers thought were necessary to have a positive therapeutic climate.
Unconditional positive regard
What are the benefits of group therapy?
Problems aren't unique
Certain issues are well-suited for group therapy
Using medication is part of what kind of therapy?
Bio medical therapy
What is systematic desensitization?
Create a fear hierarchy
Do muscle relaxation
Put them together
What is flow?
Being in the here and now, and being engaged in something that is rewarding but also matched to your skill level.
What is positive psychology?
Focuses on client's strengths rather than weaknesses
What is mindfulness?
Being aware of what your thinking and the here and now.
Know the Isen problem solving experiment
They would watch a funny movie and then try to solve a problem.
Better moods = more creative, and better able to solve the task
What is resilence?
Person's ability to respond and recover after something bad happens in life
SA: Briefly describe how family background influences career choice.
Often times individuals receive at least the same level of education as their parents
SA: Know at least four symptoms (SIGECAPS) of depression and two etiology theories of depression
Low norepinephrine, low serotonin
Learned helplessness, Negative automat thoughts
SA: What is one disorder that is treated with systematic desensitization? Be able to explain the three-step process of systematic desensitization
Phobias: Fear hierarchy
Pair the two
SA: List two advantages of group therapy as discussed in the text and lecture.
A. Problems aren't unique
B. Social skills
C. Certain issues are well-suited for group therapy
SA: Explain what Holland type you think fits you. Give an example of a career and setting you would like to work in based on that type.
I believe that I am a social personality type and I would like to work in counseling
SA: Distinguish between the training of a psychiatrist and psychologist
SA: Describe four "errors" in thinking that have been identified by Aaron Beck and that are often seen in depression- prone individuals
Magnification of negatives
All or nothing thinking
Disqualifying the positive
Jumping to conclusions
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