14 terms

AP World History Ways of the World Chapter 2

AP World History

Terms in this set (...)

Code of Hammurabi
A series of laws publicized at the order of King Hammurabi of Babylon (d. 1750 BCE); not actually a code, but a number of laws that proclaim the king's commitment to social order
Egypt is often known as "the gift of the Nile" because the region would not have been able to support a significant human population without the Nile's annual inundation, which provided rich silt deposits and made agriculture possible
Epic of Gilgamesh
The most famous extant literary work from ancient Mesopotamia it tells the story of one man's quest for immortality
Mohenjo Daro/Harappa
A major city of the Indus Valley civilization; flourished around 2000 BCE
Indus Valley Civilization
home of a major civilization that emerged in what is now Pakistan during the third millennium BCE in the valleys of the Indus and Saraswati rivers, noted for the uniformity of its elaborately planned cities over a large territory
Norte Chico/Caral
Norte Chico is a region along the central coast of Peru, home of a civilization that developed in the period 3000-1800 BCE; Caral was the largest of some 25 urban centers that emerged in the area at that time
A civilization to the south of Egypt in the Nile Valley, noted for development of an alphabetic writing system and a major iron working industry by 500 BCE
Olmec civilization
An early civilization that developed along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico around 1200 BCE
Literally, "rule of the father"; a social system of male dominance
Rise of the State
A process of centralization that took place in the First Civilizations, growing out of the greater complexity or urban life in recognition of the need for coordination, regulation, adjudication, and military leadership
Uruk (OOH-rook)
The largest city of ancient Mesopotamia
Central Asian/Oxus Civilization
Afghanistan civilization around 2200-1700 BCE and was not literate, had fortified centers, irrigation systems, and extensive trade with China, India, and Mesopotamia
Earliest Mesopotamian society in southern Mesopotamia (present day Iraq) and contained a number of independent cities and city-states established by 5000 BCE
He was an Egyptian criminal who eventually disappeared after someone reported his crimes (Uncle) and shows Egyptians had corruption and criminals didn't get caught because of social status

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