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The Indian Ocean Trade System
Terms in this set (28)
Who dominated the Indian Ocean trade by the 8th century?
Arab and Persian Muslims
What was unique about the Arab dhow?
It had the lateen sail
Where did Arab trading cities rise up? Names?
on the East-African coast
Kilwa, Zanzibar, Malinda, Sofala
With what region did the city-states carry on trade with? What did they trade?
the interior of Africa
ivory, skins, ebony, gold
Who did the Arabs mix with? What language did they create?
the East Africans
When did the interior kingdom of the Great Zimbabwe develop?
What happened during the Trans-Saharan trade?
Salt, textiles, and horses were taken South while gold and slaves went North
2/3 of Eurasian gold came from where?
Who carried goods across the desert? Using what animal?
Nomadic Berber people
What is a dromedary?
a one hump camel in the Arabian desert that brought people and products to the oasis
Where was the development of civilizations and the creation of kingdoms?
the Niger River
What did gold trade result in?
the creation of powerful and rich kingdoms in the West African Sahel
What kingdoms were created in the West-African Sahel? When?
What religion was adopted by the West African empires? Why?
Islam; it supported merchants and trade
Which West African empire became a major supporter of Islam?
Who was Mansa Musa?
ruler of the Mali empire from 1312-1327
What was the capital city of Mali?
What was the center of Indian Ocean trade? What did they have before machines and what did they use to their advantage?
the greatest economy
What was India known as?
the land of spices; pepper vines, cinnamon, tea, and indigo
What manufactures flourished in India?
cotton cloth, leather, and other textiles
What textiles were produced in the city of Gujarat?
cloth, carpet, quilts, and jewelry
When was 25% of the world's products made in India?
Before the European/Western Industrial Revolution in 1800
What cities became independent as a result of much trade done with Southeast Asia? Where was Islam carried?
Cambay and Calicut
Indonesia and Malaysia
Where is the Straight of Malacca located? What did it become majorly?
on the Malay Peninsula
the major trading center
From what regions did products come into Malacca?
China, Burma, and Malaysia, and the Moluccas (spice islands)
What products from China were valued throughout the world?
porcelain and silks
For how long did China produce 33% of the world's products?
What world phenomenon did China have during the Song Dynasty?
the world's most advanced economy and technology; water clock, writing, compass, etc.
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