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Terms in this set (25)
The dictionary definition of a word
The associations and emotional implications a word may carry
informal language used in everyday speech
The language of a particular region, distinguished by its vocabulary, pronunciation, and grammar.
Specialized language particular to a certain professional group and often incomprehensible to outsiders
Specialized language particular to a certain social group and often incomprehensible to outsiders
the speaker's attitude about the subject
A substitution of a softer, inoffensive term for one that could be considered offensive, taboo, or inappropriate.
The official, authorized form of a language that obeys the rules of formal grammar, syntax, and usage.
The form of a language spoken by ordinary people, usually very informal as opposed to standardized forms
A variety of a language used for a particular reason in a particular setting; typically we think of formal and informal registers.
Old-fashioned and outdated
Language that is morally and socially offensive, particularly vernacular terms that relate to certain bodily functions.
Language that is irreverent or irreligious, language that makes common something thought to be holy or deserving of respect.
Language that is insulting or demeaning, particularly terms that are used commonly to demean particular people or groups
language that makes people feel like part of a larger group (like "we" or "us")
Language that is meant to exclude people from being part of the group (like "you" or "they/them")
Language that portrays people as subhuman, monstrous, or animalistic; it is a form of exclusive language.
Language with an imprecise meaning or language used to describe ideas and other intangible things.
Language that is clear and exact, or language that describes things that can be detected using the senses.
A word or phrase that has no meaning but is used to fill space while the speaker takes time to think about what to say next.
A phrase overused so much that it has lost real meaning and is used essentially as filler instead (synonyms — hackneyed or trite expressions)
Alternating between two or more languages or types of language in one conversation or speech; very common among people who are multilingual or who primarily speak a non-standardized dialect
The degree of certainty or obligation expressed in a statement; high modality means the speaker is expressing high certainty or obligation; low modality means the speaker is expressing uncertainty or freedom of choice.
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