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med surge exam 4
Terms in this set (9)
a rigid device that immobilizes the affected body part while allowing other body parts to move. It is most commonly used for fractures but may also be applied to correct deformities. ex.) clubfoot. or to prevent deformities ex.) those seen in some pts. with RA.
a nonsurgical method for managing a simple fracture. While applying a manual pull, or traction on the bone, the health care provider manipulates the bone ends so they realign.
a condition in which increased tissue pressure in a confined anatomic space causes decreased blood flow to the area, leading to hypoxia and pain.
a system in which two pins or wires are passed through the skin and bone and connected to a rigid external frame to immbolize a fracture during healing.
fat embolism syndrome
a serious complication usually resulting from a fracture, in which fat globules are realeased from the yellow bone marrow into the blood stream. This syndrome usually occurs w/ in 48 hrs of the fracture and can result in respiratory failure or death, often from pulmonary edema.
a break or disruption in continuity of a bone
the use of metal pins, screws, rods, plates, or prostheses to immobolize a fracture during healing. The surgeon makes an incision (open reduction) to gain access to the broken bone and implants one or more devices.
the reduction of a fracture after surgical incision into the site to allow direct visualization of the fracture.
the application of a pulling force to a part of the body to provide reduction, alignment, and rest.
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