Life Science Vocabulary 2018
Terms in this set (40)
the process in which plants and some other organisms use the energy in sunlight to make food
an organism that is made up of many cells, makes its own food through photosynthesis, and cannot move.
a material that reflects a particular color of light; can be used to change the color of other materials
It's basically a group of green pigments used by organisms that convert sunlight into energy during photosynthesis.
is a simple sugar produced by plants during photosynthesis. Animals breakdown it to produce reusable energy in the form of ATP.
is the process of breaking sugar into a form that the cell can use as energy.
a tiny structure within a cell that performs a specific function for that cell
all the living and nonliving things in an area that interact with each other
any individual living thing
an organism that makes its own food
an organism that eats other living things to get energy; an organism that does not produce its own food
an organism, often a bacterium or fungus, that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter making essential nutrients available to plants
are single-celled microorganisms. Their cell structure is unique in that they don't have a nucleus
a model that shows one set of feeding relationships among living things.
a model that shows many different feeding relationships among living things
small organisms that drift through bodies of water; include animals, plants, and bacteria
all of the nonliving parts of an ecosystem
all of the living parts of an ecosystem
the group of organisms of the same species living in the same area
a group of organisms that share similar characteristics and can mate with each other to produce offspring
an organism that is made of many cells, cannot make its own food, and can move during at least part of its life
a relationship between organisms in which one depends on the other
a relationship between two species of organisms in which both benefit
a relationship between two organisms where one benefits, and the other is harmed.
a relationship between two organisms where one benefits, and the neither is harmed
an animal with a backbone
an animal without a backbone
the location in which an organism lives
indicates the greatest number of any species that can exist within a specific habitat
an organism that is not native to the ecosystem, whose introduction causes economic or environmental harm.
a group of different populations that live together and interact in an environment
A behavior or physical characteristic that allows an organism to better survive or reproduce in its environment
when different species fight over the same resources
all of the actions and reactions of an animal
movement of energy from one organism or object to another
the movement of a group of organisms from one place to another, usually due to a change in seasons
photosynthetic algae drift near the surface of lakes or oceans
microscopic animals that swim or drift near the surface of lakes or oceans
a single-celled or multi-celled organism with a simple biological structure. Can be animal or plant-like.
a simple organism, or living thing, that is neither a plant nor an animal and cannot make their own food. They act as decomposers.