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BP - Computer History
Terms in this set (25)
__________ - early calculating tool (computer) that worked by sliding objects like beads along a wire or groove.
If you are solving math problems, then you are being a __________.
The __________ in a modern computer is its "brain" - the part of the computer that does calculations and runs programs.
Central Processing Unit
CPU stands for __________.
The Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine, two early mechanical computer designs, were designed by __________.
The __________, conceived and partially designed by Charles Babbage, would have been the world's first programmable computer if it had been built.
An early way to store computer data was the __________. The holes or non-holes could be used to represent digital data (zeros and ones).
__________ developed a way to program Babbage's engines, thus becoming the world's first computer programmer.
__________ built an electro-mechanical computer to help tabulate the 1890 census. This person also founded one of the companies that later merged to form IBM.
International Business Machines
The IBM corporation has a long history in the development of modern computing. What does IBM stand for?
__________ is made up of zeros and ones.
__________ - series of computers created by the British during World War II to help decrypt secret German messages.
__________ - the first programmable electronic digital computer.
One of the earliest electronic general purpose computers, the __________ was paid for by the US Army to calculate artillery firing tables.
Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
The acronym ENIAC stands for __________.
Early electronic computers used __________ to create the logic gates needed for computation.
The __________ was invented in 1947 and quickly replaced vacuum tubes in early computers due to being much more reliable.
Invented in 1971, the first __________ had 2300 microscopic transitors.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak built the first _________ computer in 1976.
In 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it was safe to implant __________ into people.
Microchips implanted into pets to help identify them are a type of __________ chip.
Radio Frequency Identification
RFID stands for __________.
People who don't like and/or don't trust new technology are known as __________. This comes from a group in the early 19th century that destroyed machinery that they felt threatened their jobs.
Our normal numeral system is a __________ system.
Binary is a __________ system.
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