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Maximum amount of air you can exhale after a maximum inhalation; tidal volume + IRV + ERV = 4800mL
Functional residual capacity
Amount of air left in lungs after normal exhalation; residual volume + ERV = 2400ml
Law stating that in a mixture of gases, the total pressure is the sum of the pressure of each of its individual components; explains the process of simple diffusion of gases in the lungs and tissue; partial pressure determines rate of diffusion for O2 and CO2; all gasses move from greater to lesser pressure
Exchange of O2 and CO2 between alveoli and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries; factors that make external respiration efficient: thin and large surface area of alveolar membranes, extensive branching of pulmonary capillaries, pressure gradient across the membrane, and short distance during exchange
Disease that affects external respiration due the thickening of alveoli; caused by a bacteria which causes a fibrous thickening of the wall
Disease caused by smoking where the alveolar walls burst, thus complicating the process of external respiration (gas exchange)
Law stating that the ability of a gas to dissolve in a solution depends on its partial pressure and its solubility coefficient; explains how gases are carried in the blood
Measurement of how easily gases dissolve in solutions; higher partial pressure and greater SC - will dissolve if numbers are high
Any environment where you have more of any amount of oxygen; forces more than normal amount of O2 into blood
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