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AESC 2050 Previous Tests
Terms in this set (149)
Culture is made up of
rituals and language, customs and beliefs, clothing and food, and thoughts and values
Agriculture only concerns the production of food.
The human population of the earth recently passed the _____ mark.
Which of the following chemicals has American culture established as legal for recreational use - while the others listed here are declared illegal.
A. Ethyl Alcohol
C. Lysergic acid diethylamide D. MDMA
The TOP 3 "nonperishable storable" cereal grains produced globally are:
corn, rice, wheat
Which continent has a high population density, but low cereal grain production?
The video "The Science of Overpopulation" states that in the U.S., we use more water irrigating __________ than any other crop:
The biggest difference between the Upper 20% and Lower 20% of U.S. income earners in terms of average annual expenditures, is that the Upper 20% are able to spend significantly more of their income on:
Personal insurance and pensions
Imagine a plane divided into 4 quadrants with A being in the top left, B in the top right, C in the bottom left & D in the bottom right: X-axis is food share of household expenditure and y-axis is net cereal imports
Where would USA be placed?
Where would Republic of the Congo be placed?
The Battle of Cajamarca in 1532 pitted Spanish Conquistadors against the ____________ .
The separation between "Prehistory" and "History" occurred about ___________ years ago, with the _________________.
invention of writing
About ___________ years ago, Humans began ____________ which scientists believe was the first conscious cultural act.
Instead of just using Biological Evolution to adjust to their environment, early human also developed through _____________________, using intellectual and social skills.
Most scientists believe that agriculture started in what is known as the "Fertile Crescent", which is located in (the) modern...
Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of early emerging hominids:
A. Few personal possessions
D. Opportunistic eaters
E. Male dominated small families
Male dominated small families
Early hominid males most often took on the dangerous tasks of hunting and defense because...
they were more expendable than females
Homo Sapiens Sapiens can be translated to:
Advantages of the emerging Farming Lifestyle over the Nomadic Lifestyle DID NOT include:
A. increased population and overall growth
B. increased possessions and wealth accumulation
C. less work
D. allowance for labor specialization
E. food surplus
Agriculture allowed humans to produce __________ , which led to the creation of ____________, both of which were not known to human culture prior to agriculture.
The stage in human development in which a concentrated group of individuals develop sustained advanced social, organizational and culture interactions is known as:
The video "Crash Course: The Agricultural Revolution" states that early humans tended to concentrate and settle on coasts because:
marine life provided an abundant food source
Which of the following has stayed relatively stable over the last 100 years in U.S. agriculture:
A. Total number of farms
B. Total number of acres farmed
C. Average size of farms (in acres)
D. Percent of population working on farms
E. Population of the U.S.
B. total number of acres farmed
The Land-Grant College Act of 1862 is also known as the:
The 2 Land-Grant Universities in Georgia are UGA and:
Fort Valley State University
An acre is roughly the size of a:
American Football field
One Hectare is roughly equal to ____ acres.
For U.S. Government tax purposes: A farm is any establishment which produced and sold, or normally would have produced and sold, ________ or more of agricultural products during the year.
The biggest difference between the United Nations' and U.S. Department of Agriculture's definition of a "family farm" is:
Labor (whether the family provides most of the farm labor or not)
Based on the U.S. Department of Agriculture's definition of a "family farm", approximately what percentage (%) of U.S. farms are "family farms"?
The average size farm in the U.S. is about _________ acres.
Most of the small farms in the U.S. are in the:
The first "We Are What We Eat" National Geographic Live! video we watched in class focused on the traditional hunting and gathering diet of native people in what country?
Agricultural land suitable for growing crops is known as:
Agricultural land suitable for rearing animals is known as:
The majority of commercial agriculture is conducted in which global climate zone:
The majority of subsistence agriculture is conducted in which global climate zone:
What is the best meaning of the term "extensive subsistence" farming?
when a subsistence farmer works relatively large, but low productive farm lands
What is the best meaning of the term "intensive subsistence" farming?
when a subsistence farmer concentrates his efforts on small plots of farm land
Although relatively large, chicken production in modern India is unusual in that:
it is still ~90% a "live" market (consumers buy most of their chicken live)
India losses approximately 40% of their fresh fruit and vegetable crops to rot. Which of the following if NOT given as a reason for this:
A. lack of refrigerated trucking
B. poor roads
D. inclement weather
The title of the Reading assignment associated with the Role of International Farmers lecture
is "The Story of South African Farming is a _________ Story".
One of the take home messages from the Role of International Farmers lecture is:
70 - 80% of food in the developing world is produced by subsistence farmers
The economy and culture of the American Colonies was centered on what agricultural crop?
What agricultural crop became "King" in America around 1800?
Unwittingly, ________________ re-invigorated ________________ in the south following his invention around 1800:
Eli Whitney / slavery
(T/F) Working TOBACCO is early America was back breaking work, thus even small farmers often utilized slaves.
This Georgia city became an international trade center of activity with the emergence of
COTTON as the major cash crop in the south:
What had the most devastating effect on King COTTON in Georgia, causing its decline?
This Georgia city became the "Poultry Capital of the World" following the development of the Vertical Integration production/processing system there:
What Georgia Agricultural commodity can only be produced in an established 20-country area and farmers must be licensed with the State of Georgia to package and sell?
In the "We Are What We Eat" Video at the start of the Domestication lecture, we saw an ocean/seafood based culture in the country of:
What is the SWAG as to why Red Jungle Fowl (wild chickens) were first domesticated in Southeast Asia?
Domestication is the same thing as Taming.
Approximately what % of the global population is lactose-intolerant (their lactase gene has been turned off in adulthood)?
The Mayan culture in Central America believed that the gods mixed their blood with ___________ to create humankind.
About half (50%) of the average American diet of vegetables is made up of:
potatoes and tomatoes
Domestication of animals has led to biological and cultural changes in humans.
Which of the following in NOT a preferred trait of domesticated farm animals.
A. Eats a lot of different things
B. Grows fast/matures quickly
C. Willing to breed in captivity
D. High activity level
E. Flexible social hierarchy (accept humans as master)
high activity level
God gives man dominion over the animals of the earth in which Book of the Christian Bible:
Hinduism and Buddhism share the religious view of animals that:
human ancestors return as animals, so animals must be treated with equal respect
The term "Speciesism" is associated with the concept of:
Giving preference to species closest to you
In the video: "How pigs parts make the world turn", Christien Meindersma says the STRANGEST product she found that included pig was _____________ , and the most BEAUTIFUL was _____________ .
ammunition / a heart valve
In 2008, the state of _______________ put Proposition 2 on the state's voting ballot, which established minimum housing area requirements for selected farm animals.
What animal is at the heart of the debate in animal product testing of cosmetics since their eyes have no tear ducts, making them a popular choice for testing?
(T/F) The CDC in Atlanta has published warnings to pet owners of chickens to NOT hug and kiss their birds due to pathogens (bacteria that can make humans sick).
Put the following in order based on per capita consumption
beef pork chicken
When did the DUST BOWL occur in the U.S.?
The NATURAL disaster that was a major factor in causing the DUST BOWL was:
What book did Dr. Kiepper mention in class that tells the plight of one family facing the hardships of the DUST BOWL?
Grapes of Wrath
In 1969, the Cuyahoga River in Ohio:
caught on fire
What book credited with starting the widespread movement of Environmental Awareness
in the US in the 1960s?
The 1st major piece of U.S. federal environmental legislation passed in 1970 was the:
Clean Air Act
Agriculture gets much of the blame for nutrient runoff into surface waters, but _______________ is / are a major contributing factor also.
homeowners spreading fertilizer
At the next party you attend, you are going to get everyone to do what dance that you learned in this class?
the Mash Potato
Did Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, say he was a 1st generation farmer (his parents don't farm) OR he is a multi-generational farmer (his is the latest in a long line of farmers)?
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said Pecans are harvested:
using automated equipment
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said Peaches are harvested:
using all manual labor
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said the biggest weather concern for growing Pecans is:
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said the biggest weather concern for growing Peaches is:
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said that Peaches and Pecans are good complementary crops in Georgia because:
they have an offset harvest, peaches in the spring/summer, and pecans in the late fall
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said that the "game changer" in growing Pecans over the last 10 years is:
demand from China
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said that growing Peaches organically:
is not possible in Georgia's climate and many pests
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said the biggest challenge today in managing a business in seasonal specialty crops, like Peaches, is:
labor, finding a source of seasonal workers
Lawton Pearson, of Pearson Farms, said most of his seasonal labor today working in his Peach growing fields comes from:
a federal program with the U.S. Department of Labor (H2A)
Urban Agriculture can involve ___________________ .
A. Animal husbandry
E. All of the above
All of the above
An example of Low-Tech Urban Agriculture is:
B. Community gardens
D. Vertical farming
E. All of the above
B. Community gardens
The "Rule Breaker" in Low-Tech Urban Agriculture is "Footprint", which means productive agriculture:
doesn't have to be BIG (it can happen in relatively small spaces)
An example of Medium-Tech Urban Agriculture is:
The "Rule Breaker" in Medium-Tech Urban Agriculture is "Nutrient Delivery", which means productive agriculture:
growing crops effectively doesn't always require soil
An example of High-Tech Urban Agriculture is:
Vertical high-rise farming
Aquaponics takes the traditional hydroponics model and adds ___________ .
The Tri-State Water Wars involves Georgia and which other 2 states:
(T/F) One of the major advantages of starting a backyard flock of laying hens is the money you will save in not buying eggs from the grocery store.
At the start of the Advertising lecture, Dr. Kiepper showed 4 short commercials by 2 poultry companies taking alternate views of _____________ by the poultry industry.
Which of the following is an EXTRINSIC value:
C. Community Feeling
D. Financial Success
Which of the following is an INTRINSIC value:
Advertising persuasive technique that appeals to reason
Advertising persuasive technique that appeals to credibility and character
Advertising persuasive technique that appeals to emotion
In advertising, using the argument that a person should believe or do something because "everyone" is doing it is known as _______________ .
In advertising, using a non-existent inexpensive product to lure a person into buying a more expensive product is called:
Saint & Switch
(T/F) Chickens are NOT fed HORMONES - it's a myth. They grow big and fast because of advances in genetics and nutrition.
(T/F) Chickens are NOT fed ANTIBIOTICS - it's a myth. They grow big and fast because of advances in genetics and nutrition.
Food companies using marketing that states NO HORMONES are using _____________ advertising.
Implicative, we don't so they must
Advertising, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular cause or point of view is called _________________ .
What is unique about the diet of the Inuit people of Greenland?
it's dominated by meat
Approximately what percentage (%) of the land in the continental U.S. is devoted to farmland?
In the U.S. today, it takes approximately ____ acre(s) to feed one person.
Globally from 1998 - 2011, farmland acreage INCREASED in ____________________ .
Africa and South America
During the "Diversion" lecture, Lauren showed a New York Times article that said the U.S. is losing _____ acres of farmland per minute.
The majority of farmland lost in the U.S. in the last 50 years is in which region of the U.S.?
East Coast (Maine through Florida)
One of the primary advantages fossil fuels have over biofuels is:
they are already in a more usable form
The "Food vs. Fuel" debate in the U.S. is focused the use of ___________ to make ____________.
The U.S. Energy Policy Acts of 2005 and 2007 weighed in significantly in the "Food vs. Fuel" debate by:
Requiring the use of specific amount of renewable fuel by specific time frames
During the "Diversion" lecture, we watch a video at the end that showed the impact of U.S. corn prices on ____________.
We watched a VIDEO at the start of the "Food Fads" lecture about an isolated group of people in Afghanistan who live a ______________ lifestyle.
Pastoral (based on domesticated animals)
Foods "Fads" rely on which persuasive advertising technique?
In the early 1900s, Dr. ____________ touted the evils of a meat (i.e., protein/fat) based diet being consumed by most Americans and wanted to replace it with a carbohydrate-based diet.
In the early 2000s, Dr. ____________ touted the evils of a carbohydrate-based diet being consumed by most Americans and wanted to replace it with a protein/fat based diet.
We watched an Anti-Humane Society of the U.S. Video focused on Lawyers that used which persuasive advertising technique?
Food Fad in 1920s
Food Fad in 1930s
Food Fad in 1940s
Spam and Canned Soup
Food Fad in 1950s
Food Fad in 1960s
A movie, television or radio program that provides a factual record or report is known as a ____________ .
(T/F) "Food Inc." uses negative imagery to put commercial agriculture in a "bad light".
"Food, Inc." blames ________________ with creating the negative impacts of the fast food culture in the United States:
"Food, Inc." advocates that ________________ colludes to purposely keep information about food from consumers.
big Agriculture and Food Companies
(T/F) We are more removed today from the production of our food than ever before.
"Food, Inc." touts that the meat aisle in modern grocery stores contains NO ____________.
"Food, Inc." features Polyface Farms, whose owner condemns modern agriculture, but still uses:
A. a tractor
B. a mechanical hay baler
C. a 4-wheeler
D. fossil fuels
E. all of the above
all of the above
"Food, Inc." devotes a major section of the film to Monsanto and their domination over the use of seed from:
The name "FOOD STAMPS" has been replaced with the name:
This USDA food assistance program includes the use of vouchers that say exactly what food can be obtained from grocery stores.
Which of the following is NOT a primary item in SNAP eligibility?
A. household income
B. household expenses
C. location of residence
D. number of people in the household
E. none of the above, they are all primary considerations
location of residence
(T/F) Individual U.S. states play an important role in implementing the federal SNAP program as they oversee the rules and implementation of the program at the state level.
People on SNAP receive on average ~ ___________ per month to purchase food.
Where does the SNAP (along with other Nutrition Programs) rank in the USDA annual budget?
Out of the ~320 million people in the U.S., ~________ participate in SNAP.
(T/F) Anyone (especially children) living in the U.S., even if they are not a citizen, are eligible to receive SNAP benefits.
The CDC estimates that 1 in ____ Americans will get sick each year due to foodborne illness.
What is the #1 pathogen in the U.S. that causes illnesses and hospitalizations?
Which fast food restaurant chain had a large Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak in 1993 that propelled food safety to the forefront of the public agenda?
What change(s) in U.S. culture has/have led to increases in food-related illnesses contracted in the home?
A. loss of cooking skills
B. loss of cleaning skills
C. increased number of pets
D. storage problems with large portion sizes
E. all of the above
all of the above
Which of the following has the largest risk of being exposed to foodborne illness?
A. eating food cooked at home
B. eating food from a stand at a county fair
C. eating food at a fast food restaurant
D. eating at a public school cafeteria
E. eating from a food truck
eating food cooked at home
The ___________________ is a public health agency (part of the USDA) responsible for ensuring the nation's commercial supply of meat, poultry, and eggs is safe, wholesome, correctly labeled and packaged.
Food Safety and Inspection Service
The ___________________ is charged with protecting consumers against impure, unsafe and fraudulently labeled products. It regulates foods other than meat, poultry and eggs.
Food and Drug Administration
The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies which group that accounts for almost 1/3 of the world's deaths due to foodborne illness?
children under the age of 5
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