25 terms

Studying History Vocabulary Words

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Prehistory***
Time before writing was invented
History***
Written or recorded events from the past
Archaeology
the study of the past by looking at what people left behind
Artifact***
an ancient object handmade by humans (pottery, tools)
Paleontology
the study of ancient life forms
Fossil
what is left of something that was once living (ex. bones)
Anthropology
the study of human culture
Evidence
something that shows proof that something is true
Primary Source***
a firsthand piece of evidence, written or created by the people who saw or experienced an event
Secondary Source***
created after an event by people who were not there
Point of View***
a person's opinion or attitude toward a topic
Bias***
unfair favoritism; a judgment about people and events
Timeline
a line that represents events in the order they happened; chronological
BC/BCE***
Before Christ/ Before Common Era
AD/CE***
Anno Domini (Latin for in the year of the Lord)/ Common Era
Paleolithic Age***
Old Stone Age; Tools and weapons were made of stone
Hunter-Gatherers***
people who hunt animals and gather wild plants and berries to survive
Nomads***
people who regularly move from place to place to survive
Technology
things that were invented to make life easier for people
Ice Age
a long period of extreme cold that affected all of Earth about 100,000 years ago.
Neolithic Age***
New Stone Age, People shifted from hunting and gathering to farming
Systematic Agriculture***
farming; cultivating land, raising crops, feeding, breeding, and raising livestock
Domesticate***
to tame wild animals for human use
Surplus***
more than what is needed; extra
Specialization***
doing jobs other than farming

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