Upgrade to remove ads
Sociology of Aging
Terms in this set (69)
Marker for the onset of old age (adopted this convention from Otto Von Bismark- 1889 German Chancellor so they could get social insurance payments)
Biological, Psychological, Social
3 different ways to look at age (according to Birren)
age viewed in terms of decline, and it's inevitable
Processes that incorporates the changes within the body associated with the passage of time that alter the body's functions and structures. The quality of functioning of the individual's organ systems
life expectancy today
life expectancy in 1900s
people living in Industrialized Civilizations - US citizens, plus people in Europe, Scandinavia, and Japan:
A set of beliefs, attitudes, social institutions that act to degrade individuals or groups based on chronological age/any form of prejudice or discrimination based on a person's or group's perceived chronological age
John Glenn (former astronaut and U.S. Senator from Ohio
Who said, "Too many people, when they get old, think that they have to live by the calendar"
atheoretical, mapping out age differences
theory based, testing scientific hypotheses
perfect example of Stable Existence - as they age they begin to take roles that are less physically demanding and more appropriate to their capabilities
a view of development as a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and social processes
psysiological factors, genetics
cognition, emotions, personality
social context, history, culture
scientific study of the aging process (interdisciplinary field)
a composite of how people view themselves in the biological, psychological, and social domains of life all interacting to form view of "self"
the changes that people experience in later adulthood build on the experiences they had in their earlier years. you will change- but are still the same person.
people who live to old age are the ones who managed to outlive the many threats that could have caused their deaths at earlier ages
five ways to shorten your life
being overweight (1), drinking and driving (2), eating inadequate fruits and vegetables (3), being physically inactive (4), and smoking (5)
as people age they become more different from each other
difference between people
differences within performance of the same individual
development can proceed in multiple directions within the same person
normal aging is different from disease
growing older doesn't necessarily mean growing sicker
primary (normal) aging
normal changes over time that occur due to universal, intrinsic, and progressive alterations in the body's systems
secondary (impaired) aging
changes over time leading to impairment due to disease rather than normal aging
skin wrinkling is an example of what type of aging
development of skin cancer in later life is an example of what type of aging
towards the very end of life, individuals experience a rapid loss of functions across multiple areas of functioning. rapid decline shortly before death.
age-related changes that improve the individual's functioning
example of aging where someone may never seem to get sick right until the very end of their life when a sudden illness leads to their death
first 10/11 years of adulthood (normally 18-29 range) before one assumes the full responsibilities associated with adulthood.
young old age range
old-old age range
oldest old age range
Person who proposed the older age range distinctions in the 1960s
people over the age of 100
highest age category- 110 and older
typically, oldest person in the world is between ____ and ____
Jeanna Louise Calment, the oldest documented living human was ___ at the time of her death.
age based on how well people perform
age of one's bodily systems (how well people are able to perform such vital functions like pumping blood through the body and getting oxygen to the lungs.... helping people learn how to best improve their muscle and bone strength in this age)
a 50 y/o who's blood pressure was in the range of a normal 25-30 year olds would have a ______ age that was 20 or 25 years younger than their chronological age
further into this example --> "lung age"
age based on the performance of one's achieves on measures of reaction time, memory, learning ability, and inteligence (all are known to change with age)
age calculated by evaluating where people are compared to the "typical" ages expected for people to be when they occupy certain positions in life. centered on family and work roles.
(grandparent A could be chronologically younger than parent A)
changes within the person and reflect the influence of time's passage on the body's structures and functions
the effects of a person's exposure to a changing environment
normative age-graded influences
lead people to choose experiences that their culture and historical period attach to certain ages or points in their life span
normative history-graded influences
events that occur to everyone within a certain culture or geopolitical unit (regardless of age) and include large-scale occurrences, such as world wars, economic trends, or sociocultural changes in attitudes and values
random idiosyncratic events that occur throughout life without regular predictability.
car crash, fire, winning the lottery, losing money in a bad investment (due to personal- not large-scale economic event reasons)
right place, right time
one's identification as male or female
one's inherited predisposition to develop physiological characteristics typically associated with maleness or femaleness
biologically defined as the classification within the species based on physical and structural characteristics.. but used in a more widespread fashion to refer the cultural background associated with being born within a particular biologically defined segment of the population.
more socially than biologically determined.
the cultural background of someone that reflects their predominant values, attitudes, and expectation they were raised with
socioeconomic status (SES)
social class reflecting people's position in the educational and occupational ranks of a society
survey of a large sample of British adults focusing on how health, social class, and occupation relate
individual's identification with an organized belief system
generation used to describe people born in the post WWII years of 1946-1964
average number of years of life remaining to the people born within a similar period of time
max age for a given species
number of years a person expected to live in good health
compression of morbidity
the illness burden to a society can be reduced it people become disabled closer to the time of their death
Maggie Kukn (1905-1995)
founder of the "Gray Panthers" who protested ageism in public and governmental policies, including age discrimination, pension rights, and nursing home reform
set of beliefs, attitudes, social institutions, and acts that denigrate individuals or groups based on their chronological age
terror management theory
people regard with panic and dread the thought of the finitude of their lives engaging in defensive mechanisms for protecting against the anxiety and threats to self-esteem that this awareness produces
increase in urbanization and industrialization of Western society is what causes to be older adults to be valued
as people become older, age overrides all other "isms"
older minorities and women have become immune to effects of ageism through years of exposure to discrimination and stereotyping. those years helped them develop a tolerance to better withstand the negative attitudes applied to them
Sets with similar terms
Adult Development and Aging Chapter 1
1. AGING AS A SOCIAL PROCESS
Other sets by this creator
Coaching Emotional Intelligence
Leadership Theories & Navigating the Org…