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If your grandfather could vote before 1867, you did not have to take a literacy test
Abolition- Movement to end slavery
William Lloyd Garrison, Fredrick Douglas, Grimke Sisters, Harriet Tubman
16th president; President during the Civil War; declared war because he wanted to preserve the union, when elected South seceded
An 1858 Supreme Court case in which a slave sued for his freedom but the court ruled against Scott because he wasn't a U.S.citizen
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Tom's Cabin (showed the evil's of slavery, fugitive Slave law)
Important events in the civil war:
Fort Sumter, Battle of Bull Run, Gettysburg, Antietam, Appomattox Surrender
Important people of the civil war:
Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, McClellan, Grant, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson
a principle of the U.S. Constitution that states that the people have the to create, alter, and abolish their government. In the mid-1800s, a term referring to the idea that each territory could decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery
1820 -- Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state and Maine would enter as a free state (states get admited my twos)
Term referring to bloodshed over popular sovereignty in a particular western territory
Kansas Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
novel about the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Law (by Harriet Beecher Stowe)
Compromise of 1850
Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession
National republicans became whigs, Eastern vuisiness people and Southern Planters wanted the government is to spur the economy
Reduced Travel time and cost of shipping dropped to 1/20 of what it was before the canal, linked the Great Lakes with the Hudson River
John C. Calhoun
the south, supported the war of 1812, did not want to strengthen the national government
change in the way goods were produced 1800s in U.S., origanally started in Great Britain
The war of 1812 causes
impression of American sailors and sezure of American Ships, England providing arms to Native Americans in the West, warhawks push for war, conflicts between the settlers and the Native Americans
The war of 1812 events
showdown at Tippecanoe, fighting at sea, Americans invade Canada, march in Washington(Washington burns), the Battle of Baltimore, Francis Scott key writes "the star bangled banner", Battle of New Orleans
a party that wanted manufacturing, shipping, trade, wanted a strong federal government, a loose interpretation of the constitution, and were pro-British
a party that wanted agriculture, strong state government, strict interpretation of the constitution, pro-French
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
declaration that states had the right to declare a law unconstitional
american anger over bribes demanded by french diplomats "millions for defense, but not a penny for tribute"
What were the two main criticisms of his plan?
thought the plan would reward speculators, southern states had already paid off debt
Hamiliton's Financial Plan
assuming all state and national debts and issuing new bonds to refinance the total debt, adding an excise tax on luxuries, adding tariffs on imported goods, creating a national bank to handle government accounts and coin currency
farmers in PA revolted the whiskey tax, Washington sent miltia- test of strength for the new government
The Great Compromise (problem)
How will representation in congress be determined? Small states wanted it to be equal and large states wanted it to be determined by population
The Great Compromise
a bicameral legislature was created. Representation in the house of Reps. is based on population and representation in the senate is equal
The 3/5s Compromise (problem)
How should slaves be counted to determine population? The Southern states wanted them to be counted and the Northern states did not
The 3/5s Compromise
Every five slaves would equal three persons in determining a state's population for taxation and representation
The Addition of the Bill of Rights (problem)
Federalists wanted to ratify the constition as it was, Anti-federalists feared that there was not enough individual protection in the constitution
The Addition of the Bill of Rights (compromise)
Anti-Federalist agreed to ratify the constitution if a Bill of Rights was added. The Bill of Rights was added in 1791
What was the purpose of the Philadelphia Convention and what did it accomplish?
the origianl purpose was to revise the A.O.C.-the result created a new constitution, gave more power to the national government
a system of government in which power is divided between the federal government and the state governments
The Slave Trade Compromise(problem)
those against slavery wanted the slave trade abolished. Most Southern states wanted to preserve it.
Articles of Confederation
loose confederation of states, weak central government, more power to the states, ended the war, set up a frame of government, (no pwer to regulate trade tax, raise an army/navy make money)
the constitution of the U.S. specufucally lists what the national government can and cannot do
Separation of Power
power in the central government is divided into 3 branchess (legislative, executivem and judicial)
Albany Plan of Union
tried to unite the colonies(failed), A proposal for increased unity and cooperation among the colonies
Writs of Assistance(1760) purpose
gave British officials general warrants to search homes for smuggled goods
Stamp Act(1765) purpose
placed taxes on legal documents ex. wills, diplomas, newspapers, cards, etc.
Declaration of Independence statement of Democratic principles
statement of Democratic principles influenced by John Locke, main ideas
The main ideas for the Declaration of Independence
all men have the right to life, liberty, and the pusuit of happiness, government gets its authority from the people, people have the right to revolt
Statement of Grievance for the Declaration of Independence
complaints directed toward King George III
Concluding Statement of the Declaration of Independence
declared the colonists' formal break with Great Britain
The Trearty of Paris, 1783
British recognized the independence of the U.S., geographic boundaries, and the U.S. fishing rights in the Atlantic Ocean
men and women who entered inta a contract to work for seven years in exchange for passage to the colonies
the colonial trade route between New England, Africa, and the West Indies in which rum, lumber, and slaves were traded
archaeology study of evidence left by early people in order to find out about their way of life
finger lakes, matrilineal,longhouses, Iroquois league/confederacy, MOOCS, adapted to their enviroment
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