60 terms

Mr. Smith goes to Washington

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Democracy
The government is elected by the people. Everyone who is eligible to vote has a chance to have their say over who runs the country. It is a distinct form of government controlled by a social class or group, or by a single person.
Autocracy
Government by a single person having unlimited power; despotism (domination through threat of punishment and violence) .
Oligarchy
A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power
Monarchy
has a king, queen, emperor or empress. The ruling position can be passed on to the ruler's heirs.
In some traditional monarchies, the monarch has absolute power.
But a constitutional monarchy, like the UK, also has a democratic government that limits the monarch's control.
Dictatorship
A country ruled by a single leader. The leader has not been elected and may use force to keep control.
Anarchy
is a situation where there is no government. This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.
Capitalist
or free-market country, people can own their own businesses and property. People can also buy services for private use, such as healthcare.
Communist
the government owns property such as businesses and farms. It provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare.
Republic
is a country that has no monarch. The head of the country is usually an elected president.
Revolutionary
If a government is overthrown by force, the new ruling group is sometimes called a revolutionary government.
Totalitarian
This is a country with only one political party.
People are forced to do what the government tells them and may also be prevented from leaving the country.
Legislative
The legislative Branch makes laws. The laws are written, discussed, and voted on in Congress. Made up of 2 houses of Congress
1. The Senate
2. The House of Representatives
Also known as Congress
Senate
100 people
2 from each state
serve a 6 year terms
House of Represenatives
435 people
serve 2 year terms
Executive Branch
makes laws official. The President is the head. The Vice President and other officials are also a part.
Presidential Roles
Head of State, Chief Executive, Commander-in-Chief, Chief Legislator, Political Party Leader, Crisis Manager, and Moral Persuader.
Formal Powers of the President
Constitutional or enumerated powers of the presidency
Found primarily in Article II of the Constitution
Formal Powers: Commander-in-Chief
Commander in Chief of the Army & Navy
Commander in Chief of the state militias (now the National Guard)
Commission all officers
Formal Powers: Chief Executive
"Faithfully execute" the laws
Require the opinion of heads of executive departments
Grant pardons for federal offenses except for cases of impeachment
Nominate judges of the Supreme Court and all other officers of the U.S. with consent of the Senate
Fill vacancies that may happen during recess of the Senate
Formal Powers: Foreign Affairs
Appoint ambassadors, ministers and consuls
Make treaties subject to Senate confirmation
Receive ambassadors
Formal Powers: Chief Legislator
Give State of the Union address to Congress
Recommend "measures" to the Congress
Upon "extraordinary occasions" convene both houses of Congress
Presidential Veto
Veto Message within 10 days of passing the House of origin
Pocket Veto - President does not sign within 10 days
Congress can override with 2/3 majority from both Houses
Veto Politics
Congressional override is difficult (only 4%)
Threat of veto can cause Congress to make changes in legislation
Informal Powers
Those powers not explicitly written in the Constitution
Similar to "necessary and proper" powers of Congress
In the modern era (since 1933), the President's informal powers may be significantly more powerful than his formal powers
Executive Orders
Orders issued by the President that carry the force of law
Executive Agreements
International agreements, usually related to trade, made by a president that has the force of a treaty; does NOT need Senate approval
Executive Privilege
Claim by a president that he has the right to decide that the national interest will be better served if certain information is withheld from the public, including the Courts and Congress
Members of the Cabinet
Made up of 15 major departments of government. The members give advice to the President about important matters
The Cabinet
The Secretary of State, The Secretary of the Treasury,The Secretary of Defense, The Attorney General (Justice Department), The Secretary of the Interior, The Secretary of Agriculture, The Secretary of Commerce, The Secretary of Labor, The Secretary of Health and Human Services, The Secretary of Homeland Security, The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, The Secretary of Transportation, The Secretary of Education, The Secretary of Energy, The Secretary of Veterans' Affairs
Judicial Branch
Oversees the court systems of the United States.
*They explain the meaning of the constitution and laws passed by Congress through court cases.
*The Supreme Court is the head of the Judicial Branch
*They rule acts constitutional or unconstitutional
*Decide if something is or is not permitted under the constitution.
HOUSE LEADERSHIP
Speaker (majority party)
Republicans:
Majority Leader
Majority Whip
Chairman of the Caucus
Steering & Policy Committee
Republican Congressional Campaign Committee
SENATE LEADERSHIP
President of the Senate (Vice President)
President Pro Tempore (majority party)
Democrats:
Majority Leader
Majority Whip
Chairman of Conference
Policy Committee
Steering Committee
Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
SENATE LEADERSHIP
Republicans:
Minority Leader
Minority Whip
Chairman of Conference
Policy Committee
Committee on Committees
Republican Senatorial Committee
Demographic Characteristics of U.S. Presidents
100% male
99.5% Caucasian
97% Protestant
82% of British ancestry
77% college educated
69% politicians
62% lawyers
>50% from the top 3% wealth and social class
0.5% born into poverty
69% elected from large states
3 Requirements to become President
Must be at least 35 years old
Must have lived in the United States for 14 years
Must be a natural born citizen
What is the number of years a President can stay in office?
The President serves a 4 year term.
Filabuster
Unlimted debate on a bill, talk the bill to death . Your preventing it from moving forward .
What is the topic of discussion in the opening scene of the movie?
The senator died
What are the Senators concerned with at the start of the movie?
Who is going to become the new Senator.
Why do the Senators want to work with Horace Miller?
He takes orders
How do the people respond to the proposed appointment of Horace Miller?
They are mad and they do not like him
Who suggests Jefferson Smith for appointment for Senate?
The kids
Who is Jefferson Smith?
Boy Ranger, Journalists
What does Senator Paine say about Smith?
He thinks he is a kid, not ready
What is his slogan?
"a hero of 100,000 boys..."
How does Smith feel about his new role as senator?
He thinks it is a mistake
How did Senator Paine and Senator Smiths's father know each other?
They went to school togeher
What happens to Smith at the train station?
He got met by a lot of people, he gets asked for money, sees Capital Dome
What does Senator Smith do when he arrives in Washington, D.C? Where does he go?
He gets on a bus and goes to the Capital Dome, Lincoln Memorial
What is Mr. Smiths' idea to improve the Nation?
A National Boys Camp
How does the press start to portray Smith? Was he taken out of Contents?
Goofy and unfit for the job, yes he was taken out of contents
What bill does Mr. Smith start to work on?
A national Boys Camp
Who explains how to write a bill to Smith?
Ms. Saunders
How does Ms. Saunders change as she works with Smith on his bill?
Senical to passionate, helpful
How does Wilmette Creek become an issue?
There is a dam going in Wilmette Creek
How is Senator Smith treated when he introduces the bill to the Senate
They all laugh at him
How does Mr. Taylor threaten Mr. Smith
go along or risk losing your job
How does this impact Senator Paine? How does he feel about Taylor threatening Smith?
Does not like it and becomes to feel quilty
What does Mr. Smith read while he is at the podium?
Constitution, Chapter 5 Section 3 of the Senate rules D of I
What notes are sent to Senator Smith by Ms. Saunders?
Read the Constitution slowly - love note - press info
How long does the speech/filibuster last?
23 hours and 16 minutes
What does Senator Paine do at the end of the movie?
He says everything Smith said was the truth and he tried to commit suicide
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