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Chapter 3 England and its colonies
Terms in this set (41)
British interest in establishing colonies was influenced by this; held
that a conuntrys ultimate goal was self suffieciency and that all countries were in a competition to acquire the most gold and silver
The countrys legislative body (England)
A series of laws restricting colonial trade
Dominion of New England
Land from southern Maine to New Jersey united into one wast colony
Sir Edmund Andros
A veteran military officer from an aristocratic English family
Bloodless revolution; james had a son which means the possibility of a Roman Catholic monarch dynasty, parliament invited william of orange james fled the country the throne was voted to william by parliament Parliament passed a series of law establishing its power over the monarch
England relaxed its enforcement of most regulations in return for the continued economic loyalty of the colonie, as long as raw. Materials continued flowing into the homeland and the colonists continued to buy english produced goods, parliament did not supervise the colonies closely
One grown for sale rather than the farmers own use, worth more than regular crops
People who were considered the property of others
Three way trading process; merchants carried rum to Africa, Africa traded their merchandise for enslaved people, whose they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and molasses
Voyage that bought Africans to West Indies and later North America; middle leg of transatlantic trade triangle
Slaves open to revolt; 20 slaves gathered at stono river they killed several planter families and marched south beating drums and loudly inviting other slaves to join them in their flee to spanish held florida
officer in the British army in the French and Indian war, plantation owner, owns slaves, very rich, member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, captured by the French t some point
Using reason and scientific method to gain knowledge; ideas were less religious and more scientific; earth revolved around sun not vice versa; everything happened by mathematical law thisthese ideas about nature gainied prevalence in the 1700s and are known as the
Outstanding enlightenment figure; tried to obtain truth through experimentation and reasoning
One member of the clergy who sought to revive the intensity and commitment of the original Puritan vision, preached that church attendance was not enough for salvation, people must acknowledge their sinfulness and feel God's love for them
Preachers traveling from village to village stirring people to re dedicaste themselves to God, during travels preachers attracted thousands making it necessary for revival meetings to be held outdoors this religious revival is known as the
The french colony in North America
French and Indian War
Battles at fort necessity were the opening of this; the fourth war between real Britain and Grance for control of North America
A new leader King George II selected to run his government in 1757; an energetic self-confident politician
Ottawa leader that realized french losing was also a loss for the native americans
Proclamation of 1763
To avoid conflicts with Native Americans, British government issued this; it banned all settlement west of the Appalachians.
A financial expert chosen by King George III who served as a prime minister in 1763; he angered the merchants throughout the colonies and suspected colonists were smuggling goods into the country, so he prompted parliament to enact the sugar act
An act enacted by by Parliament that halved the duty on foreign-made molasses, placed duties on certain imports, and most important strengthened the enforcement of the law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiralty court rather than a more sympathetic colonial court
Theory of mercantilism
Country's ultimate goal was self sufficiency and that all countries were in a competition to acquire the most gold and silver; this inspired balance of trade where amount of goods sold were compared to amount of goods bought
How did the colonies benefit from mercantilism
The colonists got to trade its Britain and also other countries like their tobacco and lumber made its way to spain france and holland. This increased colonists wealth which England saw as a threat
Describe the middle passage
A part of the transatlantic trade network, in Africa, they traded their merchandise for enslaved people whom they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and molasses, the voyage that brought africans to the West Indies and later to North America tht was the middle leg of the transatlantic trade triangle, a lot of cruelty and death on these ships
Explain the enlightenment
A movement that involved using reason and science to obtain knowledge, looking beyond religious doctrine to investigate how the world worked, people determined that the earth revolved around the world was based on fixed mathematical law not miracle, ideas traveled from Europe to the colonies and spread quickly in numerous books and pamphlets, profound effect on political thought, led to questioning the authority of the British monarchy
During french and Indian war, what side do americans fight on
Purpose of the proclamation of 1763
To avoid further conflicts with native americans, this banned all settlement west of the Appalacians, Native Americans depended on that land for survival
What did British hope will accomplish the sugar act
1. Halved the duty on foreign made molasses (in hopes colonists would pay smaller tax rather than risk rest by smuggling) 2 placed duties on certain imports 3. Strengthened the enforcement of the law by allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice admiralty court rather than a more sympathetic colonial court. They wanted to prevent colonists from smuggling goods into the country
Who was Pontiac and what did he try to do
Pontiac was the Ottawa leader that realized the french loss was a loss for native americans, he led a tribe that captured eighth British forts in the Ohio Valley and laid siege to two others. British officers left infected blankets to give the native americans diseases which caused them to make treaties with the British
Under the English policy of mercantilism restrictions were relaxed in exchange for?
Restrictions were relaxed in exchange for cooperation to continue economic loyalty as long as raw materials continued flowing into the homeland and the colonists continued to buy english produced goods, parliament did not supervise the colonies closely
What Native American group helped British during french and Indian war
What cargo was transported during the middle passage
"in Africa they traded their merchandise for enslaved people, whom they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and molasses; these goods were then shipped to New England to be distilled into rum." Slaves were transported
Describe ben franklin as enlightenment thinker
"One outstanding Enlightenment figure was Benjamin Franklin. Franklin embraced the notion of obtaining truth through experimentation and reasoning. For example, his most famous experiment—flying a kite in a thunderstorm—demonstrated that lightning was a form of electrical power.
Describe process of triangular trade
"The "triangular" trade, in fact, encompassed a network of trade routes criss-crossing the Northern and Southern colonies, the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa. The network carried an array of traded goods, from furs and fruit to tar and tobacco, as well as African people"
The Sugar Act had what purpose for Parliament?
What was the result of England's salutary neglect?
The colonies begin to become independent. They have to learn how to deal with their own problems
What directly contributed to the increase in African slaves brought to the colonies?
Lack of indentured servants
Who was the financial expert that created a series of taxes on colonists to pay for the French and Indian war?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 6 Launching the New Nation
Chapter 4 The War for Independence
Chapter 5 Early Republic
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