AP World History Stearns Chapter 5
Terms in this set (32)
an African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile c. 1000 BCE; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries
kingdom located in the Ethiopian highlands; replaced Meroë in first century CE; received strong influence from Arabian peninsula; eventually converted to Christianity
a Christian kingdom that developed in the highlands of eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalaibela; retained Christianity in the face of Muslim expansion elsewhere in Africa
religion of early Japanese culture; devotees worshipped numerous gods and spirits associated with the natural world; offers of food and prayers made to gods and nature spirits
cultural tradition that arose at San Lorenzo and La Vents in Mexico c. 1200 BCE; featured irrigated agriculture, urbanism, elaborate religionF beginnings of calendrical and writing systems
site of classic culture in central Mexico; urban center with important religious functions; supported by intensive agriculture in surrounding regions; population as much as 200k
classic culture emerging in southern Mexico and Central America contemporary with Teotihuacan; extended over broad region; featured monumental architecture, written language, calendrical and mathematical systems, highly developed religion
Chinese Daoists who launched a revolt in 184 CE in China promising a golden age to be brought by divine magic
dynasty that succeeded the Sui in 618 CE; more stable than previous dynasty
regional princes in India following the collapse of empire; emphasized military control of their regions
mother goddess within Hinduism; widely spread following collapse of Guptas; encouraged new emotionalism in religious ritual
major world religion having its origins in 619 CE in the Arabian peninsula; meaning literally submission; based on prophecy of Muhammad
supreme God in strictly monotheistic Islam
Roman emperor fro 284 to 305 CE; restored later empire by improved administration and tax collection
Roman emperor from 313 to 337 CE; established second capital at Constantinople; attempted to use religious force of Christianity to unify empire spiritually
Began invasions of Rome in 400s CE and established crude kingdoms by 425 CE despite being a small force (5% of entire empire)
Fierce Asiatic nomads. Invaded Germany, Italy, and toppled Han Dynasty in China. Invaded India and destroyed Gupta empire; integrated into the warrior caste as region ruling princes called Rajput.
eastern Roman emperor between 527 and 565 CE; tried to restore unity of old Roman Empire; issues most famous compilation of Roman Law
Empire started by Persian rebellion against Parthians; served as bridge between Mediterranean and East by transmitting culture and goods. Attacked Roman empire when it weakened. Preserved Persian culture, which continued to influence the area. Overthrown in 7th century CE by Arab invaders after rise of Islam
influential church father and theologian (354-430 CE); born in Africa and ultimately Bishop of Hippo in Africa; champion of Christian doctrine against various heresies and very important in the long-term development of Christian thought on such issues as predestination
Buddhist holy men; built up spiritual merits during their lifetimes; prayers even after death could aid people to achieve reflected holiness
East Asian form of Buddhism, also called the Greater Vehicle. Same basic beliefs but greater emphasis on Buddha as divine savior; believed prayers and rituals helped to become holy
prophet and teacher among the Jews; believed by Christians to be the Messiah; executed c. 30 CE
one of the Christian missionaries; moved away from insistence that adherents of the new religion follow Jewish law; use of Greek as language of Church
founder of monasticism in what had been the western half of the Roman Empire; established Benedictine Rule in the 6th century; paralleled development of Basil's rules in Byzantine Empire
Bishop of Rome. Leader of Christian church in Western Europe
After the end of the classical period, many world religions arose. Christianity spread throughout The Mediterranean after Rome weakened. Buddhism entered China. Islam arose after 600 CE and became the most dynamic force in world history of the time.
eastern half of Roman Empire following collapse of western half of old empire; retained Mediterranean culture, particularly Greek; later lost Palestine, Syria, and Egypt to Islam; capital at Constantinople
Pacific Islanders between Hawaii, New Zealand, and Eastern Island. Settled Fiji, Samoa, Hawaii, etc. using outrigger canoes. Adapted local plants and brought new animals such as pigs. Used stratified caste system under local kings.
dynasty that succeeded the Han in China; emerged from strong rulers in northern China; united all of northern China and reconquered southern China
Christian church sect in Egypt. Supported Islam invasions over Byzantine rule
group of clans centered at Cuzco that were able to create empire incorporating various Andean (Andes mountains) cultures; term also used for leader of empire
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