10 terms

Chapter 11

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Terms in this set (...)

Asexual Reproduction
Offspring arise from a single parent and are genetically identical to that parent
Binary Fission
Splitting in two
Gamete
A haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid reproductive cell to form a zygote
zygote
The cell that results from the fusion of gametes
diploid
A cell that contains two haploid sets of chromosomes
haploid
Describes a cell, nucleus, or organism that has only one set of unpaired chromosomes
homologous chromosomes
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have the same structure, and that pair during meiosis
Meiosis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions off the nucleus, which results in the production of sex cells. (Reduction division)
crossing-over
The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis
independent assortment
The random distribution of pairs of genes on different chromosomes to the gametes