Chapter 10 - England and the Development of Parliament
Terms in this set (6)
English legislature, consisting of a House of Lords whose members were nobles and bishops, and a House of Commons whose members were elected gentry and townsmen.
Even after his majority in 1227, Henry III could raise taxes only through a grant from the Great Council of the barons and clergy. The meetings of the Great Council came to be called
Henry continued his father's policies of trying to regain Normandy. His wars and diplomatic efforts were expensive and unsuccessful, leading the barons to revolt against him under the leadership of
Simon de Montfort
The barons, under the leadership of de Montfort, defeated Henry in
1264 at the battle of Lewes.
In 1295 Henry III's son and successor, Edward I called this, which became the customary practice to invite representatives from the shires and towns.
In 1284, he defeated the Welsh, killed their king, and later gave their land to his eldest son. Since 1301 the heir presumptive to the English throne has borne the title Prince of Wales.